Political essay on the kingdom of New Spain, tr. by J. Black. 4 vols. [and] Plates

9781130575118: Political essay on the kingdom of New Spain, tr. by J. Black. 4 vols. [and] Plates
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1811 Excerpt: ...ocean. This great elevation appears to continue till towards Chihuahua; for it is the central chain of the Sierra Madre, which (as we have already indicated in the general physical view of the country t) near San Jose del Parral runs in a direction north north-west towards the Sierra Verde and the Sierra de las Grullas. There are reckoned in la Nueva Bifcaya one city or ciudad (Durango), six villas (Chihuahua, San Juan del Rio, Nombre de Dios, Papasquiaro, Saltillo, and Mapimi), 199 villages or pueblos, 75 parishes or paroquias, 152 farms or haciendas937 missions, and 400 cottages or ranchos. The most remarkable places are: Durango or Guadiana, the residence of an intendant and a bishop, in the most southern part of New Biscay, at 170 leagues distance, SSffAL?w&LXL Intendttncy of Durango. in a straight line from the city of Mexico, and 298 from the town of Santa Fe. The height of the town is 2087 metres. There are frequent falls of snow, and the thermometer (under the 24 25 ) descends to 8 f below the freezing point. A groupe of rocks, covered with scoria, called la Brefia, rise in the middle of a very level plain between the capital, the plantations del Ojo, and del Chorro, and the small town of Nombre de Dios. This groupe, of a very grotesque form, which is 12 leagues in length from north to south, and six leagues in breadth from east to west, deserves particularly to fix the attention of mineralogists. The rocks, which consitute the Brena, are of basaltic amygdaloid, and appear to have been raised up by volcanic fire. The neighbouring mountains were examined by M. Oteyza, particularly that of the Frayle, near the hacienda de 1 Ojo. He found on the summit a crater of nearly 100 metres J in circumference, and more than 30 § metres of perpendicular...

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