History and development of steam locomotion on common roads

9781130792706: History and development of steam locomotion on common roads

This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1891 Excerpt: ...a little more than seven miles, and the trip Fig. 48. was run in 40 to 45 minutes. Mr. Russell's coaches were very popular with the travelling part of the community, and were repeatedly overcrowded, 30 to 40 persons finding places on a vehicle and its tender, constructed to carry six inside and twenty outside passengers. These carriages have been briefly referred to by two or three writers on this subject, but they have not been illustrated and described in any recent work on steam locomotion; in fact, these coaches have been practically omitted by previous writers, and in order to supply the missing link in the history of steam on roads, we devote a considerable amount of space to their description. Mr. Scott Russell, as an experienced engineer, designed his coach with great care. Fig. 48 shows a side view of the carriage, while Fig. 49 gives an end view of the engine to an enlarged scale. The general appearance was far superior to many of its competitors, and we are told that "it Fifc. 49. was fitted up in the style and with all the comfort and elegance of the most costly gentleman's travelling carriage." The boiler was of the multitubular type, with the furnace and the return tubes on the same level, and similar to a marine boiler. The improvements introduced by Russell consisted in constructing the boiler in such a manner that it should everywhere consist of opposite and parallel surfaces, or as nearly so as circumstances allowed, and connecting these surfaces together by means of stays of small diameter, placed at distances proportioned to their direct cohesive strength, and to the degree of pressure to be resisted; the plates were much thinner than usual, so that the heat was transmitted quicker; the copper plates were one-tenth of an inch t...

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