American architect and architecture Volume 20, pt. 1

 
9781156080429: American architect and architecture Volume 20, pt. 1

This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1886 Excerpt: ...category, all being finished with angle turrets, as, for instance, St. Michael's, Cornhill. A very interesting church, particularly so far as the interior is concerned, is that of St. James, Piccadilly. The nave has a barrel-vault in plaster, forty feet in span, with tranverse vaults at right am'les with it over the aisles. The roof is a fine piece of construction. The whole span of sixty-eight feet is taken by one pair of rafters, and the necessity for a cross-tie is obviated by framing the ends of these rafters into a triangle between the transverse vaults, the thrust being still further opposed by the joists of the lead flat over the aisles. After Wren had finished his London churches, an Act was passed in 1 708 for building fifty new additional parish churches in London and Westminster, and he was appointed as one of the Commissioners fur carrying out the Act. He accordingly wrote a lengthy report for the guidance of the various bodies who had in hand the erection of these churches, embodying the experience and wisdom he had collected in the building of bis own churches. Among other things, he recommends that churches should be built in the wealthiest parts of the town, so as to be sure of resources for repairs and maintenance at all times, although the first cost would be greater than when building in the suburbs. Church-yards, he insisted, should always be placed outside the town, for manifold reasons. He considers that in ordinarychurches there should not be more than fifty feet of space in front of the preacher, thirty feet each side and twenty feet behind, as he considers that a moderate voice cannot be heard well beyond these distances. Besides his churches, Wren did a good deal of other work in and about London. The Monument, built 1671-1677, to ...

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