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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1905 edition. Excerpt: ...practical skill (Fertigkeit), which rests on the highest possible degree of what Pestalozzi calls "nerve-tact," that is to say, upon the ready and certain action of delicate nerve coordinations which ensure certainty of movement in the hundred different directions demanded by a complicated physical action. Here again, however, is a parallel mental condition. Muscular control from the side of mind, rests ultimately upon " sensations of motion " which are only obtained by moving; hence, Pestalozzi points out that while in order " to know " we may often remain passive, in order to acquire practical skill and power we must do. Sensations of motion frequently repeated and attended to acquire a certain fixity as " motor ideas," and as such are instantly at the service of conceived action involving them. The perfect coordination of these " motor ideas " is the mental parallel to the nerve-tact of which Pestalozzi speaks. Swantong, M. iv., 191. These then are the preliminary physical (physiological) and mental conditions of practical power. Advance in physical dexterity is, however, in no way parallel to the intellectual advance described in the last chapter" The latter depends upon the purely mental power of abstraction, the former upon mere repetition. Pestalozzi puts it in this way: " The laws which govern the development of the physical powers are physical, because the mechanism which gives power to the human limbs is itself physical." " Mind " must always enter into Training. At the same time, in endeavouring to provide practice, the intellectual background is not to be overlooked. Mind is always behind effective action, and merely mechanical exercise of the limbs is deficient as an educational instru-Swanaony, M. iv., 236. Op. also James,...
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