The Mycenaean age; a study of the monuments and culture of pre-Homeric Greece

9781231112793: The Mycenaean age; a study of the monuments and culture of pre-Homeric Greece
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1897 Excerpt: ...who sees in it simply a cap of woven leather, and in the cheek-piece or chin-band a braided beard. The helm Meriones lends Odysseus (Iliad, x. 362 f.) is apparently a felt cap lined with leather thongs for stiffening, and outwardly bedecked with wild boar's tusks " thick-set on every side." 2 This vessel, judging from its material, must have been imported, and Reichel therefore denies it any validity as a witness of contemporary Mycenaean custom. the march on the Warrior Vase wear two horns on their helmets,--a practice, we know, common to several ancient peoples;l and a gem (Reichel's Fig. 42) represents a helm surmounted by a pair of ram's horns. Sometimes we seem to recognize ears as well as horns, and this may go to prove that the helmet was by origin simply the pelt or scalp of a horned animal.-The fierce aspect of the warrior was further heightened by.the plume or horse-tail (tTTTtoupts) which in Homer is always "nodding terribly aloft."3 The poet feels what Tacitus4 declares, that in all battles it is the eye that is first vanquished. The fashion was kept up by the later Hellenes, and in Aristophanes we meet with a sort of pacha of three tails: it is Lamachus,--"The fierce and hardy warrior; he that wields The Gorgon shield, and waves the triple plume." 8 The crest is shown on the men of the Warrior Vase, in the Siege Scene (helmeted figure at bottom), and on the gold intaglio (Fig. 75). In the matter of offensive armor, our information is much Offensive more clear and certain. For over and above the Armor af presentations, we have recovered examples of most of the weapons. We have in particular, from the Royal Graves of Mycenae alone, some 150 bronze TheSword J swords, more or less completely preserved. 1 Plutarch infor...

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