Goroda Peru: Kakhamarka, Kusko, Lima, Serro-de-Pasko, Trukhilo (Peru), Olyantaitambo, Amarukancha, Arekipa, Uaras, Sensiano, Pisko (Russian Edition)

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9781232137832: Goroda Peru: Kakhamarka, Kusko, Lima, Serro-de-Pasko, Trukhilo (Peru), Olyantaitambo, Amarukancha, Arekipa, Uaras, Sensiano, Pisko (Russian Edition)
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Istochnik: Wikipedia. Stranitsy: 28. Glavy: Kakhamarka, Kusko, Lima, Serro-de-Pasko, Trukhilʹo (Peru), Olʹyantaĭtambo, Amarukancha, Arekipa, Uaras, Sʹensiano, Pisko, Uankaĭo, San-Visente-de-Kanʹete, Uanuko, Chincha-Alʹta, Ayakucho, Uacho, Ikitos, Pukalʹpa, Kalʹyao, Tumbes, La-Rinkonada, Puno, Molʹendo, Chimbote, Ilo, Chiklaĭo, Saksaĭuaman, Talara, Ika, Paĭta, Sulʹyana, Takna, Lʹyavantu, Lamud, Pʹyura, Khuankhui, Andskiĭ kandelyabr, Bagua, Korikancha, Chachapoyas, Pisak, Inkauasi. Vyderzhka: Kusko (isp. , kechua ) - gorod na yugo-zapade Peru, administrativnyĭ tsentr regiona Kusko i odnoimënnoĭ provintsii. Naselenie 319,4 tys. chelovek (2002). Gorod raspolozhen v raĭone doliny Urubamba v Andakh na vysote bolyee 3 500 metrov nad urovnem morya. V plane drevnyaya chastʹ goroda napominaet telo pumy. Tak, yestʹ nazvaniya Pumakchuku - «khvost pumy», Guakaĭpata - «telo pumy». Golova pumy raspolozhena na territorii Saksauamana - gorodskoĭ kreposti, steny kotoroĭ vypolneny v vide zubov. Kusko - gorod drevnyeĭshyeĭ istorii. Arkhyeologicheskie raskopki obnaruzhili, chto lyudi selilisʹ v etikh mestakh uzhe bolyee 3 tysyach let. Soglasno ispanskomu khronistu Sarmʹento de Gamboa, Pedro, imyeet·sya indyeĭskaya legenda po kotoroĭ osnovatelem goroda yavlyaet·sya pervyĭ Inka - Manko Kapak. On so svoyeĭ semʹyeĭ, uĭdya ot ozera Titikaka, iskal gde-by zolotoĭ posokh Manko Kapaka «voshel v zemlyu». Takim mestom okazalosʹ poselenie plemeni Savasera Panaka, kotoroe prishlosʹ unichtozhitʹ, posle chego nichto ne meshalo sozdaniyu stolitsy imperii inkov - Kusko.Nazvanie goroda v perevode s yazyka kechua - ofitsialʹnogo yazyka Imperii inkov, oznachaet Pup Zemli, to yestʹ, po suti - Tsentr Mira, chto vpolne sootvet·stvovalo stolichnoĭ roli. Eto ponyatie bylo ochenʹ rasprostranennym i yavlyalosʹ tsentralʹnym dazhe dlya predmeta svyashchennogo pokloneniya - chakany.15 noyabrya 1533 g. syuda pribyla ekspeditsiya Fransisko Pisarro i soglasno istoricheskoĭ traditsii, ispant...

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