Istoriya Azii: Istoriya Vetnama, Mongolskaya imperiya, Manilskoe soglashenie, Usuni (Russian Edition)

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9781232175001: Istoriya Azii: Istoriya Vetnama, Mongolskaya imperiya, Manilskoe soglashenie, Usuni (Russian Edition)

Istochnik: Wikipedia. Stranitsy: 30. Glavy: Istoriya Vʹetnama, Mongolʹskaya imperiya, Manilʹskoe soglashenie, Usuni, Velikaya vostochnoaziat·skaya sfera vzaimnogo protsvetaniya, Vladeniya Osmanskoĭ imperii, Frantsuzskaya Indiya, Mandala, Ilʹkhan, Rabochie-kuli, Deviz pravleniya, Serbedary, Nuker, Pancha Sila, Pekat, Posmertnoe imya, Abu Bekr Kelevi. Vyderzhka: V istorii Vʹetnama proslezhivayut·sya sleduyushchie osnovnye tendentsii: ekspansiya na yug, gyeograficheskiĭ regionalizm (kotoryĭ slozhilsya na osnove administrativnogo deleniya ili blagodarya tomu neformalʹnomu davleniyu, kotoroe okazyvali provintsialʹnye namestniki) i stremlenie tsentralʹnoĭ vlasti kontrolirovatʹ dyeĭstviya mestnykh liderov, a takzhe na protyazhenii mnogikh stoletiĭ i do nachala serediny XIX veka vliyanie Kitaya na vʹetnamskie dela. Nyeobkhodimo otmetitʹ, chto mirnykh periodov v istorii Vʹetnama bylo nemnogo. 500000 - 300000 gody do n. e. (palyeolit) - drevnyeĭshie izvestnye ostatki gominid. 8000 do n. e. - selʹskokhozyaĭstvennaya dyeyatelʹnostʹ vo vremen etnokulʹtur Khoa Binʹ - Bak Son (tekhnika vlazhnogo vyrashchivaniya risa, razvedenie skota). 1000-200 gg. do n. e. - kulʹtura Sa-Khyuinʹ. IV - I vv. do n. e. (bronzovyĭ vek): kulʹtura Dong-Shon. Predki sovremennykh vʹetnamtsev (Kinʹ) iznachalʹno zhili na severnykh gornykh territoriyakh i beregakh Krasnoĭ reki (Khongkha). Drevnyeĭshim vʹetnamskim gosudarstvom byl Vanlang. Yego smenil Aulak, kotoryĭ byl zakhvachen obrazovavshimsya posle padeniya kitaĭskoĭ dinastii Tsinʹ na territorii provintsii Guandun gosudarstvom Nanʹyue (Namvʹet (258-111 do n. e.). V Nanʹyue pravil byvshiĭ tsinʹskiĭ namestnik Chzhao To, kotoryĭ osnoval mestnuyu dinastiyu Chzhao (po-vʹet·ski CHʹyeu), provozglasiv sebya imperatorom, ravnoderzhavnym Khanʹ. V 196 godu do n. e. mezhdu Khanʹ i Namvʹetom byl zaklyuchën dogovor, po kotoromu Lyu Ban priznaval Chzhao To zakonnym pravitelem Namvʹeta. Odnako vskore Chzhao To, v otvet na zapret imperatritsy Lyuĭ-...

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