Sensornye sistemy: Obonyatelnaya sistema, Organy chuvstv, Retseptivnoe pole, Naruzhnoe ukho, Glaz cheloveka, Retseptor, Zritelnaya kora

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9781232233206: Sensornye sistemy: Obonyatelnaya sistema, Organy chuvstv, Retseptivnoe pole, Naruzhnoe ukho, Glaz cheloveka, Retseptor, Zritelnaya kora
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Istochnik: Wikipedia. Stranitsy: 38. Glavy: Obonyatelʹnaya sistema, Organy chuvstv, Retseptivnoe pole, Naruzhnoe ukho, Glaz cheloveka, Retseptor, Zritelʹnaya kora, Obonyatelʹnyĭ nerv, Osnovnye vkusy, Kozha, Tsvetopostoyanstvo, Nervno-myshechnoe vereteno, YAzyk, Vomeronazalʹnyĭ organ, Usiki, Vnutrennyee ukho, Vkusovaya sensornaya sistema, Propriotseptsiya, Obonyatelʹnaya sensornaya sistema, Ulitka, Organ bokovoĭ linii, Vibrissy, Sensilly chlenistonogikh, Organ chuvstv, Srednyee ukho, Telʹtse Pachini, Proprioretseptor, Biolokatsiya, Elektroretseptsiya, Mekhanoretseptor, Sukhozhilʹnyĭ organ Golʹdzhi, Glazki Gesse, Korkovyĭ tsentr obonyaniya, Telʹtse Myeĭsnera, Somatosensornaya sistema. Vyderzhka: Retseptivnoe pole (angl. ) sensornogo nyeĭrona - uchastok s retseptorami, kotorye pri vozdyeĭstvii na nikh opredelënnogo stimula privodyat k izmeneniyu vozbuzhdeniya etogo nyeĭrona.Kontseptsiya retseptivnykh polyeĭ mozhet bytʹ primenima ko vsyeĭ nervnoĭ sisteme. Yesli mnozhestvo sensornykh retseptorov obrazuyut sinapsy c yedinstvennym nyeĭronom, oni sovmestno formiruyut retseptivnoe pole etogo nyeĭrona. Naprimer, retseptivnoe pole ganglionarnoĭ (ganglioznoĭ) kletki setchatki glaza predstavleno fotoretseptornymi kletkami (palochkami ili kolbochkami), a gruppa ganglionarnykh kletok v svoyu ocheredʹ sozdaët retseptivnoe pole dlya odnogo iz nyeĭronov mozga. V itoge k odnomu nyeĭronu bolyee vysokogo sinapticheskogo urovnya skhodyat·sya impulʹsy ot mnogikh fotoretseptorov; i etot protsess nazyvaet·sya konvergentsiyeĭ. V kachestve retseptivnykh polyeĭ slukhovoĭ sistemy mogut rassmatrivatʹsya chasti slukhovogo prostranstva (angl. ) ili diapazony slukhovykh chastot. Lishʹ nemnogie issledovateli traktuyut slukhovye retseptivnye polya kak opredelënnye uchastki sensornogo epiteliya, naprimer, gruppy voloskovykh kletok spiralʹnogo organa ulitki vnutrennego ukha mlekopitayushchikh. Retseptivnye polya somatosensornoĭ sistemy - eto uchastki kozhi ili vnutrennikh o...

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