People from Florence: Niccolo Machiavelli, Catherine de' Medici, Florence Nightingale, Antonio Meucci, John Singer Sargent, Giovanni Villani

9781232463795: People from Florence: Niccolo Machiavelli, Catherine de' Medici, Florence Nightingale, Antonio Meucci, John Singer Sargent, Giovanni Villani

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 222. Chapters: Niccolò Machiavelli, Catherine de' Medici, Florence Nightingale, Antonio Meucci, John Singer Sargent, Giovanni Villani, Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Dante Alighieri, Pope Leo X, Francis I of Austria, Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici, Gian Gastone de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Vincenzo Brenna, Rose McGowan, Benvenuto Cellini, Oriana Fallaci, Lisa del Giocondo, Francesco Guicciardini, Pope Clement VII, Richard Rogers, Violet Trefusis, Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen, Amerigo Vespucci, Filippo Brunelleschi, Alice Keppel, Andrea Salvadori, Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Marie de' Medici, Philip Neri, Luigi Ugolini, Scipione Piattoli, Bernardo Rossellino, Sandro Botticelli, Paolo Uccello, Lorenzo de' Medici, Eleanor de' Medici, Francesco Maria Veracini, Bronzino, Donatello, Andrea del Sarto, Gabriele Marranci, Jean-Baptiste Lully, Andrea del Verrocchio, Pietro Porcinai, Pope Urban VIII, Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Benozzo Gozzoli, Domenico Ghirlandaio, Lorella De Luca, Filippo Lippi, Luigi Cherubini, Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Ferdinando de' Medici, Grand Prince of Tuscany, Natalie of Serbia, Robert I, Duke of Parma, Luisa Tetrazzini, Giovanni Animuccia, Valois Tapestries, Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria, Marco Masini, Franco Fortini, Archduke John of Austria, List of mayors of Florence, Friedrich von Hügel, Beatrice Portinari, Maso Finiguerra, Bartolommeo Bandinelli, Francesco Barberini (1597-1679), Ferdinando Fuga, Riccoldo da Monte di Croce, Antonio Francesco Gori. Excerpt: Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli (Italian: ; 3 May 1469 - 21 June 1527) was an Italian historian, politician, diplomat, philosopher, humanist and writer based in Florence during the Renaissance. He was for many years an official in the Florentine Republic, with responsibilities in diplomatic and military affairs. He was a founder of modern political science, and more specifically political ethics. He also wrote comedies, carnival songs, and poetry. His personal correspondence is renowned in the Italian language. He was Secretary to the Second Chancery of the Republic of Florence from 1498 to 1512, when the Medici were out of power. He wrote his masterpiece, The Prince, after the Medici had recovered power and he no longer held a position of responsibility in Florence. Machiavelli was born in Florence, Italy, the first son and third child of attorney Bernardo di Niccolo Machiavelli and his wife Bartolomea di Stefano Nelli. The Machiavelli family are believed to be descended from the old marquesses of Tuscany and to have produced thirteen Florentine Gonfalonieres of Justice, one of the offices of a group of nine citizens selected by drawing lots every two months, who formed the government, or Signoria. Machiavelli, like many people of Florence, was however not a full citizen of Florence, due to the nature of Florentine citizenship in that time, even under the republican regime. Statue at the UffiziMachiavelli was born in a tumultuous era-popes waged acquisitive wars against Italian city-states, and people and cities might fall from power at any time. Along with the pope and the major cities like Venice and Florence, foreign powers such as France, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire, and even Switzerland battled for regional influence and control. Political-military alliances continually changed, featuring condottieri (mercenary leaders) who changed sides without warning, and short lived governments rising and falling. Machiavelli was taught grammar, rhetoric, and Latin, a

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