Category B prisons in England: Pentonville, Wandsworth, Brixton, Wormwood Scrubs, Birmingham

9781233060474: Category B prisons in England: Pentonville, Wandsworth, Brixton, Wormwood Scrubs, Birmingham
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 29. Chapters: Pentonville, Wandsworth, Brixton, Wormwood Scrubs, Birmingham, Prisoner security categories in the United Kingdom, Durham, Albany, Parkhurst, Forest Bank, Leeds, Lowdham Grange, Doncaster, Shrewsbury, Norwich, Peterborough, Winchester, Bedford, Chelmsford, Elmley, Liverpool, Gartree, Swaleside, Leicester, Bullingdon, Gloucester, Nottingham, Hewell, Lewes, Bristol, Rye Hill, Dovegate, High Down, Kingston, Exeter, Altcourse, Garth, Grendon, Lincoln, Preston, Holme House, Dorchester. Excerpt: HM Prison Pentonville is a Category B/C men's prison, operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service. Pentonville Prison is not actually within Pentonville itself, but is located further north, on the Caledonian Road in the Barnsbury area of the London Borough of Islington, in inner-North London, England. The first modern prison in London, Millbank, opened in 1816. It had separate cells for 860 prisoners and proved satisfactory to the authorities who started building prisons to deal with the rapid increase in numbers occasioned by the ending of capital punishment for many crimes and a steady reduction in transportation. Two Acts of Parliament allowed for the building of Pentonville prison, designed by Captain Joshua Jebb, Royal Engineers, for the detention of convicts sentenced to imprisonment or awaiting transportation. Construction started on 10 April 1840 and was completed in 1842. The cost was £84,186 12s 2d. An isometric drawing of Pentonville prison, from an 1844 report by Joshua Jebb, Royal Engineers.It had a central hall with five radiating wings, all visible to staff at the centre. This design, intended to keep prisoners isolated - the "separate system" first used at Eastern State Penitentiary in Philadelphia - was not, as is often thought, a panopticon. Guards had no view into individual cells from their central position. Pent...

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