Vidovaya diskriminatsiya: Krovavyi sport, Damnatio ad bestias, Korrida, Gladiator, Travlya medvedya, Bul-byeiting, Medvezhya potekha (Russian Edition)

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9781233664771: Vidovaya diskriminatsiya: Krovavyi sport, Damnatio ad bestias, Korrida, Gladiator, Travlya medvedya, Bul-byeiting, Medvezhya potekha (Russian Edition)
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Istochnik: Wikipedia. Stranitsy: 31. Glavy: Krovavyĭ sport, Damnatio ad bestias, Korrida, Gladiator, Travlya medvedya, Bulʹ-byeĭting, Medvezhʹya potekha, Petushinye boi, Brosanie lisitsy, Borʹba s osʹminogom, Brakonʹerstvo, Sobachʹi boi, Boĭ bykov, Konnaya korrida, Zakidyvanie petukha, Okhota na zaĭtsa s borzymi «po zryachemu». Vyderzhka: Pantery pozhirayut prestupnika,drevnerimskaya napolʹnaya mozaika, III v. n. e.Arkhyeologicheskiĭ muzyeĭ Tunisa «Muchenik na arene tsirka», kartina Fëdora Bronnikova, 1869 «Sv. Ignatiĭ Bogonosets, razdiraemyĭ lʹvami».Damnatio ad bestias (bukv. s lat. «predanie zveryam», ad bestias, ad bestie, chasto uproshchënno Sʺedenie lʹvami, rasterzanie lʹvami; tochnyee rasterzanie dikimi zhivotnymi) - vid smertnoĭ kazni v Drevnem Rime posredstvom brosaniya osuzhdënnogo na rasterzanie zveryam (chasto lʹvam) na tsirkovoĭ arene. Etot vid kazni byl pozaimstvovan Rimom vo II veke do n. e. s Drevnego Vostoka, gde analogichnoe nakazanie sushchestvovalo, po menʹshyeĭ mere, s VI veka do n. e., i stal izlyublennym tsirkovym zrelishchem rimlyan. V I-III vekakh n. e. kaznʹ primenyalasʹ pryeimushchestvenno dlya raspravy s rannimi khristianami (lat. - «khristian lʹvam»), blagodarya chemu naryadu so smertʹyu na kreste stala odnoĭ iz samykh izvestnykh prichin muchenicheskoĭ konchiny khristianskikh svyatykh. S prinyatiem imperiyeĭ khristianstva praktika sokhranilasʹ protiv drugikh prestupnikov i byla okonchatelʹno otmenena lishʹ v 681 godu. V perenosnom smysle «brositʹ na rasterzanie lʹvam» oznachaet «ostavitʹ kogo-libo absolyutno nepodgotovlennym v odinochestve sredi agressivnykh protivnikov, prakticheski bez nadezhdy izbezhatʹ fizicheskogo ili (chashche) moralʹnogo ushcherba». Svedeniya o primenenii dannogo vida kazni na Drevnem Vostoke dostatochno skudny. Samoĭ izvestnoĭ istoriyeĭ o rasterzanii cheloveka lʹvami yavlyaet·sya biblyeĭskiĭ rasskaz o nyeudavshyeĭsya kazni vavilonskim tsarëm Da...

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