The new American cyclopaedia Volume 2; a popular dictionary of general knowledge

9781235455049: The new American cyclopaedia Volume 2; a popular dictionary of general knowledge

This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1867 Excerpt: ...silver and the best quality of European copper in Hungary; quicksilver in Carniola (the mine at Idria used to yield 12,000 cwt. of quicksilver per annum); tin in Bohemia; lead in Carinthia; iron almost everywhere (a single mine on the Ore mountain in Styria yields over 15,000 tons annually). Beside these metals the following are produced in smaller quantities: calamine and zinc (about 7,000 cwt.), cobalt(l,800 cwt.), arsenic (250 cwt.), antimony (from 0,000 to 8,000 cwt.), chrome, bismuth (700 to 1,000 cwt.), manganese. Black tourmaline, alabaster, serpentine, gypsum, blacklead, slates, flint, and marble, abound in many portions of the empire. The precious stones found in Austria are: the Bohemian carbuncle, the Hungarian opal, chalcedony, ruby, emerald, jasper, amethyst, topaz, carnelian, chrysolite, beryl. The coal-beds of Austria are considered almost inexhaustible. Of rock-salt there is a bed several hundred miles in length in Galieia, of which only a small portion is worked at the gigantic mine of Wieliczka, a perfect subterranean city, or rather 4 cities, one below the other, extending in a labyrinth of galleries, and hewn into the salt rock 9,500 feet from N. to S., and 3,600 feet from E. to W. Of mineral springs, Austria contains upward of 1,600, of which tho most celebrated are at Karlsbad, Marienbad, Teplitz, Franzensbad, Saydschiitz, Seidlitz, and Bilin, in Bohemia; Ischl, in Upper Austria; Baden and Pirawant, in Lower Austria; Gastein, in Saltzburg; Gleichenberg and Rohitsch, in Styria; Mehadia, in the military frontier district. The vegetable kingdom of Austria shows the same variety as the mineral. "Wheat is the staple produce of the German provinces and of Hungary; buckwheat is raised in the sandy regions; Indian corn, rice, and kidney b...

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