This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1896. Excerpt: ... NOV 30 1896 TRANSACTIONS OF THE MANCHESTER GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. Part X. Vol. XXIV. Session 1895-96. The Ordinary Meeting of the Members was held on Tuesday, June 9th, 1896, at the Society's Rooms, Queen's Chambers, John Dal ton Street. The President: Mr. R. Winstanley, C.E., in the Chair. THE MOUNTAIN LIMESTONE CAVERNS OF TRAT CLIFF HILL, CASTLETON, DERBYSHIRE, WITH SOME OF THEIR CONTAINED MINERALS. By Messrs. J. Barnes And W. F. Holroyd. SYNOPSIS OF PAPER. Locality and geology of the district. Description of the caverns: their history, shapes, sizes, peculiarities, mode of formation. Stalactites, stalagmites and anemolites; cave deposits; cave pearls. Mineral deposits: Fluor-spar, galena, barytes. History of the 'workings of the mine for fluor. Varieties of fluor; colours; causes of the colour; experiments to find colouring matter. Synthesis and production of artificial fluor-spar, in the following forms: crystalline and crystallized, colourless and coloured. Locality and Geology of the District. Castleton is situated in latitude 53-15 north, and in longitude l-45 west. It is 25 miles from Manchester and 10 miles from Buxton, and stands amidst the beautiful scenery of the "Peak of Derbyshire." This interesting village is surrounded by hills on every side, one of which, called Tray Cliff or Treak Cliff Hill, lies on the north-west about a mile distant, and stands about 530 feet above the Vale of Hope, on the southern slope of which Castleton stands. From Tray Cliff Hill we can see to the north, Mam Tor, the mother mountain, with its steep, precipitous face of Yoredale shales and grits, rising about 1,699 feet above the ordnance datum line. The hills on the north-east are Lose Hill, Win Hill, and Bamford Edge. Tray Cliff stands out as a triangular mass of m...
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