This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1862. Excerpt: ... Gospels was that written by him who was formerly a publican and afterwards an apostle, Matthew." And St. Jerome says: "The first Gospel is that of Matthew, the publican, called Levi." Papias also, a disciple of St. John and a companion of Polycarp, and many others, affirm the same. 4.--Was St. Matthevfs Gospel originally written in Greek? On this point there are two opinions. Some believe that St. Matthew wrote his Gospel originally in Hebrew or Syro-Chaldee, and that the Greek is a version of the Hebrew; others, on the contrary, hold that the Greek was the original language of the Gospel. Papias (as quoted in Eusebius), Irenaeus, Origen, Eusebius, and Jerome held to the Hebrew original; Cave and Michaelis among moderns agreeing with them. Of Papias it is necessary to add thus much, because his name stands first in the age of Greek Apologists. He was a friend of Polycarp, and was Bishop of Hierapolis in Phrygia, in the early part of the second century. He suffered martyrdom at Pergamus in the time of Aurelius (a.d. 164). He wrote a work entitled Aoylwv KvpiaK&v igijyriais (An Exposition of the Oracles of the Lord), embodying the evangelic traditions still current in the Church; and, from what he says of the work himself, implies that these were already recognised records of the teaching of Christ, which he sought to expound; and he tells us that the Gospels of St. Matthew and St. Mark were current in his time, and of the former he says: Mardaios pikv ovv 'EfipaiSi Sioxskto) Tii X6yia avvsypdyfraro. To the words ra X6yia, ra KvpiaKa Xoyia, Westcott in a note says, we must give their necessary notion of scriptural authority. Cf. Acts vii. 38; Eom. iii. 2; Heb. v. 12; 1 Pet. iv. 11; Polyc. ad Phil. c. vii.; Clem, ad Cor. i. 19, 53.--Westcott, On the Canon, p...
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