This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1840 Excerpt: ... ordinance of 1787, to which I have referred. Let me call your attention to the preamble to the six articles in that ordinance, the last of which abolished slavery in the Northwestern Territory. It declares, among other things, that, " for extending the fundamental principles of civil and religious liberty, which form the basis whe.-eon these republics, their laws and constitutions are erected, to fix and establish those principles as the basis of all laws, constitutions and governments, which forever hereafter shall bo farmed in the said Territory, it is hereby ordained," &c.. Such was the preamble to that act abolishing slavery. Then abolition was regarded as extending "the fundamental principles" which lay at the basis of our republican institutions. Now, slavery is h.ld to be " the corner-stone of our republican edifice!" Still further to exhibit the spirit of those times, let me refer to the declarations of some of the leading statesmen of that day. In 1773, Patrick Henry, in a letter to Robert Pleasaats.afterwards President of the Virginia Abolition Society, said: "Is it not amazing that, at a time when the rights of humanity are defined and understood with precision, in a country above all others fond of liberty, we find men professing a religion the most humane, mild, gentle, and generous, adopting a principle as repugnant to humanity as it is inconsistent with the Bible, and destructive to liberty1 Every thinking, honest man rejects it in speculation; how few in practice, from conscientious motives! I believe a time will come when un opportunity vrill be offered to abolish this lamentable evil. Every thing we can do is to improve it, if it happen in our day; if not, Yet us transmit to our descendants, together...
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