The Comparative Anatomy of the Domesticated Animals Volume 1; Osteology and Arthrology

 
9781235995477: The Comparative Anatomy of the Domesticated Animals Volume 1; Osteology and Arthrology
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1908 Excerpt: ...of the fossa there is an extensive rough area, on which the levator anguli scapulae and serratus magnus muscles are inserted, and behind the prolongation there is another somewhat similar area for the attachment of the last-named muscle. The subscapular fossa shows in its lower half a number of branching vascular impressions, which mark the course of branches of the subscapular artery. The anterior edge of the bone is also appropriately termed the coracoid edge, since it is terminated inferiorly by the coracoid process. In its upper half this edge is convex, blunt, and rough, but in its lower half it is thin, smooth, and concave. The posterior edge, also called the glenoid edge, because it conducts at its lower end to the glenoid cavity, is slightly concave. At its extreme Fig. 63.--Eight Scapula Of Horse (Outer Surface). 1. Coracoid edge; 2. Vertebral edge; 3. Glenoid edge; 4. Cervical angle; 5. Dorsal angle; 6. Glenoid fossa; 7. Tubercle of spine; 8. Supra-spinous fossa; 9. Infra-spinous fossa; 10. A muscular ridge; 11. Nutrient foramen; 12. Coracoid process. upper part it is thick and tuberous, in its middle third it is thin and slightly grooved, and in its lower third it is again thick and slightly roughened. Several muscles of the shoulder take origin from this edge. The superior or vertebral edge carries the cartilage Of prolongation. This is a thin flexible plate of cartilage representing a persistent or unossified part of the foetal cartilaginous scapula. The cartilage is smooth and conxex on its upper free f edge, and posteriorly it forms a rounded projection which extends beyond the line of the posterior edge of the scapula. The inner surface of the cartilage gives attachment to the rhomboideus muscle. The cervical angle of the scapula, which sepa...

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