The Crown Jewels of England

9781236013309: The Crown Jewels of England
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1919 Excerpt: ...different from those that now exist. The most curious of these is " Curtana," or the " Sword of Mercy," which is also known as the sword of Edward the Confessor. It was formerly the privilege of the Earls of Chester to carry this sword before the King, but the earldom of Chester being merged into that of the Prince of Wales another peer is selected by the King for this privilege. The Swords Spiritual and Temporal are also carried by peers selected by His Majesty, and at the last coronation were carried by two FieldMarshals, Earl Roberts and Viscount Kitchener. The point of the sword "Curtana" is blunt, cut off square, though in Sir Edward Walker's account it is shown as jagged. This blunted point is supposed to be typical of the quality of mercy. The handles of the three swords are of a simple pattern, all gilded; the pommels being thick octagonal plates with circular centres. The scabbards are covered with crimson velvet ornamented with a running scroll in gold braid. The length of " Curtana " is about thirty-two inches, and the breadth of the blade is two inches. The other two swords are four inches longer, and the breadth of their blades is a little less, and they are both pointed in the usual manner. THE JEWELLED SWORD OF STATE The Jewelled Sword of State is considered to be the most beautiful and valuable sword in the world. It was made for George IV., costing 6,000, and presents a mass of jewels of all colours set in dull gold. At the coronation this sword is borne by the Keeper of the Jewel House as one of the military emblems, and is THE LESSER REGALIA 39 offered by the King in homage to the Church. The Archbishop of Canterbury receives the sword and places it on the Altar, which ceremony b...

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