Elementary Latin grammar. [With] Latin exercises

 
9781236174901: Elementary Latin grammar. [With] Latin exercises
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1865 Excerpt: ...&c. In the third conjugation either i or e is prefixed to bundus--as fur-i-bundus, mor-ibundus, frem-e-bundus, trem-e-bundus. In the second and fourth conjugations such participles scarcely ever occur. Their meaning is like that of the present participle, but somewhat stronger; so that furibundus is ' full of fury,' whereas furens is only 'furious.' Conjugation by Periphrasis or Circumlocution. 136. A conjugation by circumlocution might be formed by means of the verb esse in conjunction with any participle; but the Latin language does not possess that conjugation which is formed in English by means of the present participle and the verb esse; so that 'I am loving,' 'I was loving,' &c, cannot be expressed in Latin otherwise than by the simple forms amo, amabam, &c. 137. Esse, in combination with the participle perfect passive, is used to form some of the ordinary tenses of the passive voice, as perf. amatus sum and amatus sim; pluperf. amatus eram and amatus essem; fut. perf. amatus ero; infin. perf. amatum esse. But instead of sum, eram, ero, and esse, we also find the forms fui, fueram, fuero, and fuisse, in almost the same sense as the forms of the tenses denoting an incomplete action; so that amatus sum is almost equivalent to amatus fui, amatus eram to amatus fueram, amatus ero to amatus fuero, and amatum esse to amatum fuisse. Hence, as far as form is concerned, we here have a complete periphrastic conjugation. 138. A real and complete periphrastic conjugation is formed by means of the verb esse with the participle future active. Throughout this conjugation the action is represented as one about to take place; e. g.--Indicative. Subjunctive, Present, dicturus sum, I am about to say. Present, dicturus sim, I am about to say, or may be about ...

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Schmitz was a Latin teacher in Edinburgh.

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