The first of empires; "Babylon of the Bible" in the light of latest research: an account of the origin, growth, and development of the empire, ... empire, from the earliest times to the

 
9781236246493: The first of empires;
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1903 edition. Excerpt: ... 6, 1884), we have the name of Sin-muballit, the father of Khammurabi, written in a short form, in ideograms, Amar (fZ), Pal (-T')i the reading of which is Sinmuballit. Here we have an almost exact equivalent of the Hebrew "Amraphel." This king, as far as his chronicles arc accessible to us, was not so powerful as his great son, and so, possibly, his rule only extended over Sumir, or Shinar, and his name to his Sumerian subjects would be Amarphal, or Amraphel, king of Shinar, or Sumir. In this position he would be contemporary with the Elamitc dynasty ruling at Larsa, and with the Elamitc overlord, possibly Kudur-lagamar (servant of Lagamar), who, no doubt, also had relations with the people of Kuti, or Guti, that is, Kurdistan (the Goim, or Nations), and such an alliance as is recorded in Genesis xiv. would not only be possible, but highly probable, in his reign. At present it is impossible to establish any fixed chronology for this period, but some approximate estimate may be formed. Assurbanipal states that the Elamitc king Kudur Nakhunti had carried away the statue of Nana 1635 years before the campaign in B.C. 650-49. Now, if we assume this to be the invasion which established the line of Elamite rulers at Larsa, and also that Assurbanipal was reckoning from the end of that rule, we have a date which agrees with several other authorities. Berossos, the Chaldean historian, who certainly had access to cuneiform records, states that "astronomical observations commenced at Babylon;" they may' have been ordered 490 years before the age of Phoroneus, consequently in B.C. 2243, which would fall in the reign of Khammurabi, and his alteration of the calendar and insertion of an intercalary month implies astronomical observations....

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