The flora of South Africa Volume 4; with synopical tables of the genera of the higher plants

9781236336231: The flora of South Africa Volume 4; with synopical tables of the genera of the higher plants
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1915 Excerpt: ...plumosa (L.) Ait. 1. Rootstock and leaves. 2. Inflorescence. 3. Section through ovary, 3/1. B. Cyanella capensis L. 1. Corm. 2. Flowering plant with withered leaves (summer). 3. The anterior anther, side view, back view, front view (from above), all 4. /1. 4. Capsule. 5. Seed with apical elaiosome, 5/1. 6. Section through seed, showing lateral embryo. C. Dilatris viscosa L. f. I. Part of inflorescence. 2. Piece of peduncle with glandular hairs. 3/1. Lanar1a. L. plumosa, kapokbloem. There is only one species of this endemic genus and its relationship is not quite clear. Like many other isolated types, where no nearly allied forms have survived, it constitutes one of the ancient elements of the Cape Flora, elements to which the little area of the southwestern corner (Cape region) owes its individuality. Rootstock black, somewhat woody, whitish inside, covered with the fibrous remains of old leaves. Leaves rigid, linear, strongly ribbed, glabrous. Peduncle, inflorescence and outer side of perianth white and densely tomentose from coarse, persistent hairs. Perianth regular, pale mauve or purple on the inner side. Stamens six. Ovary sub-inferior, 3-celled, the cells 2-ovuled. Capsule by abortion 1-celled and 1-seeded. Fairly frequent on the hills of the South-West from Sir Lowry's Pass eastward as far as Van Staaden's mountains. Flowering at midsummer. Cyanella. Besides the four species described in the Flora Capensis, there are two or three others in Great Namaqualand; their corms form an article of food (uintjes) for the natives. Perianth irregular, of a different colour in each of the four Cape species, viz. white, yellow, lilac and red. Stamens six, very unequal. In C. capensis five stamens are arcuate and bear small anthers of nearly equal size, while the s...

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