Joseph Henry Allen Latin grammar

ISBN 13: 9781236365538

Latin grammar

 
9781236365538: Latin grammar
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1887 Excerpt: ...b. The ablative is rarely used to express duration of time: as, milites quinque horis proelium sustinuerant (B. C. i. 47), the men had sustainea the fight five hours. This use is locative. 1 The ablative of time is locative; the accusative is the same as that of extent of space (see below, 259. d). %.--Space. 257. Extent of space is put in the Accusative:1 as, fossas quindecim pedes latas (B. G. vii. 72), trenches 15 feet broad. in omni vita sua quemque a recta conscientia transversum unguem non oportet discedere (quoted in Att. xiii. 20), in all one's life, one should not depart a nail's breadth from straightforward conscience. a. Measure is often expressed as quality by the Genitive (215.): as, vallo pedum duodecim (B. G. ii. 30), in a rampart of 12 feet in height. b. Distance is put in the Accusative (as extent of space), or in the Ablative (as degree of difference): as, quinque dierum iter abesta(Liv. xxx. 29), it is distant five days' march. triginta millibus passuum infra eum locum (B. G. vi. 35), thirty miles below that place. 3.--Place. 258. To express relations of Place, prepositions are necessary, except with the names of Towns and small Islands; except also with domus, rus, and a few other words in special relations;3 except also in Poetry. a. The name of the place from which is in the Ablative: as, Roma profectus, having set out from Rome.1 rure reversus, having returned from the country. b. The name of the place to which is in the Accusative: as, Romam rediit, he returned to Rome. rus ibo, I shall go into the country. Remark.--The old construction is retained in the phrases exsequias ire, infitias ire, pessum ire, pessum dare, venum dare (vendere), venum ire (veneo), foras, and with the Supine in um, and in poetry. 1 This accusative is the obje...

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