This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1909 edition. Excerpt: ...of the ligaments of the foot belong to several joints. THE JOINTS OF THE FOOT. The joints between the talus (astragalus) and the bones of the leg and those between the individual bones of the foot may be divided into the following groups: 1. The Articulations of the Talus (Astragalus), which include the talocrural articulation (the ankle-joint), the talocalcaneal articulation, the talocalcaneo-navicular articulation, and the calcaneocuboid articulation. 2. The Tarsal Arthrodia. (a) The interior sal articulations (the cuneonavicular articulation). (b) The tarsometatarsal joints (the tarsometatarsal and intermetatarsal articulations). (3) The Joints of the Toes (the metatarsophalangeal and digital (interphalangeal) articulations). The ankle-joint or talocrural articulation (Figs. 224 and 226) is the joint between the astragalus and the two bones of the leg. The articulating surfaces are the trochlea of the talus upon the one hand, and the inferior articular surface of the tibia and the articular surfaces of the internal and external malleoli upon the other. The articular capsule, which surrounds the cartilaginous surfaces and is inserted toward the neck of the astragalus, is thin; its anterior and especially its lateral portions are rather tense, while the posterior portion is roomy and relaxed. From its function and in accordance with the form of the articular surfaces, the talocrural articulation is a hinge joint, the socket of which, however, is formed by two bones. As the syndesmosis connecting the tibia and the fibula does not absolutely preclude motion, the broad anterior portion of the trochlea of the talus can be accommodated by a Fig. 224.--The ankle-joint seen from behind (J). Fig. 225.--Horizontal frozen section through the tarsal...
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