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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1874 edition. Excerpt: ...the action of sulphuric acid upon common salt in the preparation of muriatic acid. The latter having been removed, the excess of sulphuric acid contained in the residuum is neutralized with soda, and the solution is allowed to crystallize. The recently prepared salt is in oblique rhombic prisms, which are beautifully transparent (hence the salt was called sal mirabilis), but they effloresce upon long exposure to the air, and become covered with an opaque white powder. Uses.--This salt may be employed in the same cases as sulphate of magnesium, but its bitter and nauseous taste renders it more repulsive, and it is therefore but little used, comparatively. Dose.--Of the crystallized salt from half an ounce to an ounce, and of the dried salt about one-half of that quantity. The Phosphate Of Sodium and the Sulphate Of Potassium are both laxative salts, but neither of them is much used. The former is very mild in its operation, and has a cooling, saline, and not disagreeable taste. It has been employed, upon theoretical grounds, in the treatment of rachitis, cholera, and diabetes, but without encouraging success. Its dose is from half an ounce to an ounce and a half. The latter salt is less soluble than the other saline medicines which have been noticed, but a smaller dose of it is purgative. Its action is apt to be harsh, producing colicky pain and a burning sensation in the abdomen. In several instances a fatal effect has resulted from doses of it varying from half an ounce to two ounces, and in many others it occasioned very alarming symptoms.1 In this country it is seldom used as a purgative, nor does it possess virtues entitling it to be more frequently employed. POTASSII TARTRAS.--Tartrate Of Potassium. History, Preparation, etc.--This salt was...
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