Management of National Technology Programs in a Newly Industrializing Country Taiwan: Jong-Tsong Chiang, March 1990 (Classic Reprint)

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9781332268870: Management of National Technology Programs in a Newly Industrializing Country Taiwan: Jong-Tsong Chiang, March 1990 (Classic Reprint)
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Excerpt from Management of National Technology Programs in a Newly Industrializing Country Taiwan: Jong-Tsong Chiang, March 1990

As a technological follower country, Taiwan until the mid-1970s was characterized by a "supply-side" policy, loose connection between R&D community and industry, and low Rd expenditure in absolute terms and as a percentage of GNP. The "American challenge" which suggested "big is beautiful" also in the R&D investment in the 1950s and 1960s meant little to Taiwan because Taiwan was then "too underdeveloped to be challenged" and its indigenous R&D capability was too weak to launch any projects of considerable size, let alone "big science" or "big technology." However, the recent "Japanese challenge" manifested a way to catch up with western forerunners through national innovation system well illustrated by its VLSI national program in the late 1970 s.This new "model" triggered an aspiration in Taiwan, and national technology programs aiming at industrial competitiveness became a government new strategy around 1980 to restructure science and technology development systems and to guide large R&D investment. In fact, this strategy reoriented Taiwan's policy from the "supply-side" rationale to a "whole innovation process" approach emphasizing the "demand side" perspective. Taiwan's experience suggests the following lessons, most of which may be of timely relevance to other developing or newly industrializing countries.

1. A "national champion" who could acquire huge resources and integrate all essential functions is of pivotal importance in this endeavor.

2. An institutional adjustment to facilitate nationwide coordination and an overall development framework to upgrade infrastructure and general capabilities are indispensable for this "structural transition."

3. Organizing foreign prominent advisors at the national level to help important decision making is very desirable because there was relatively little domestic experience in managing large scale programs.

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This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

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Book Description Forgotten Books, United States, 2015. Paperback. Condition: New. Language: English . Brand New Book ***** Print on Demand *****. Excerpt from Management of National Technology Programs in a Newly Industrializing Country Taiwan: Jong-Tsong Chiang, March 1990 As a technological follower country, Taiwan until the mid-1970s was characterized by a supply-side policy, loose connection between RD community and industry, and low Rd expenditure in absolute terms and as a percentage of GNP. The American challenge which suggested big is beautiful also in the RD investment in the 1950s and 1960s meant little to Taiwan because Taiwan was then too underdeveloped to be challenged and its indigenous RD capability was too weak to launch any projects of considerable size, let alone big science or big technology. However, the recent Japanese challenge manifested a way to catch up with western forerunners through national innovation system well illustrated by its VLSI national program in the late 1970 s.This new model triggered an aspiration in Taiwan, and national technology programs aiming at industrial competitiveness became a government new strategy around 1980 to restructure science and technology development systems and to guide large RD investment. In fact, this strategy reoriented Taiwan s policy from the supply-side rationale to a whole innovation process approach emphasizing the demand side perspective. Taiwan s experience suggests the following lessons, most of which may be of timely relevance to other developing or newly industrializing countries. 1. A national champion who could acquire huge resources and integrate all essential functions is of pivotal importance in this endeavor. 2. An institutional adjustment to facilitate nationwide coordination and an overall development framework to upgrade infrastructure and general capabilities are indispensable for this structural transition. 3. Organizing foreign prominent advisors at the national level to help important decision making is very desirable because there was relatively little domestic experience in managing large scale programs. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works. Seller Inventory # APC9781332268870

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Book Description Forgotten Books, United States, 2015. Paperback. Condition: New. Language: English . Brand New Book ***** Print on Demand *****.Excerpt from Management of National Technology Programs in a Newly Industrializing Country Taiwan: Jong-Tsong Chiang, March 1990 As a technological follower country, Taiwan until the mid-1970s was characterized by a supply-side policy, loose connection between RD community and industry, and low Rd expenditure in absolute terms and as a percentage of GNP. The American challenge which suggested big is beautiful also in the RD investment in the 1950s and 1960s meant little to Taiwan because Taiwan was then too underdeveloped to be challenged and its indigenous RD capability was too weak to launch any projects of considerable size, let alone big science or big technology. However, the recent Japanese challenge manifested a way to catch up with western forerunners through national innovation system well illustrated by its VLSI national program in the late 1970 s.This new model triggered an aspiration in Taiwan, and national technology programs aiming at industrial competitiveness became a government new strategy around 1980 to restructure science and technology development systems and to guide large RD investment. In fact, this strategy reoriented Taiwan s policy from the supply-side rationale to a whole innovation process approach emphasizing the demand side perspective. Taiwan s experience suggests the following lessons, most of which may be of timely relevance to other developing or newly industrializing countries. 1. A national champion who could acquire huge resources and integrate all essential functions is of pivotal importance in this endeavor. 2. An institutional adjustment to facilitate nationwide coordination and an overall development framework to upgrade infrastructure and general capabilities are indispensable for this structural transition. 3. Organizing foreign prominent advisors at the national level to help important decision making is very desirable because there was relatively little domestic experience in managing large scale programs. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works. Seller Inventory # APC9781332268870

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Book Description Forgotten Books, United States, 2015. Paperback. Condition: New. Language: English . This book usually ship within 10-15 business days and we will endeavor to dispatch orders quicker than this where possible. Brand New Book. Excerpt from Management of National Technology Programs in a Newly Industrializing Country Taiwan: Jong-Tsong Chiang, March 1990 As a technological follower country, Taiwan until the mid-1970s was characterized by a supply-side policy, loose connection between RD community and industry, and low Rd expenditure in absolute terms and as a percentage of GNP. The American challenge which suggested big is beautiful also in the RD investment in the 1950s and 1960s meant little to Taiwan because Taiwan was then too underdeveloped to be challenged and its indigenous RD capability was too weak to launch any projects of considerable size, let alone big science or big technology. However, the recent Japanese challenge manifested a way to catch up with western forerunners through national innovation system well illustrated by its VLSI national program in the late 1970 s.This new model triggered an aspiration in Taiwan, and national technology programs aiming at industrial competitiveness became a government new strategy around 1980 to restructure science and technology development systems and to guide large RD investment. In fact, this strategy reoriented Taiwan s policy from the supply-side rationale to a whole innovation process approach emphasizing the demand side perspective. Taiwan s experience suggests the following lessons, most of which may be of timely relevance to other developing or newly industrializing countries. 1. A national champion who could acquire huge resources and integrate all essential functions is of pivotal importance in this endeavor. 2. An institutional adjustment to facilitate nationwide coordination and an overall development framework to upgrade infrastructure and general capabilities are indispensable for this structural transition. 3. Organizing foreign prominent advisors at the national level to help important decision making is very desirable because there was relatively little domestic experience in managing large scale programs. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works. Seller Inventory # LIE9781332268870

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