The Esfandiar of legend is best known from the tragic story of a battle with Rostam, as described in Ferdowsi's epic Shahnameh (Book of Kings). It is one of the longest episodes in the epic, and one of its literary highlights: Esfandiar is promised the throne by his father Goshtasp if he manages to repel an invasion in far-off provinces. Esfandiar is successful at this, but his father stalls and instead sends him off on another mission to suppress a rebellion in Turan. Esfandiar is again successful, and upon his return Goshtasp hedges once again and - although he is aware of a prediction that foretells the death of Esfandiar at the hand of Rostam - compels the young hero to go and bring the aging Rostam in chains for his arrogance and not paying due respect to the king. Although Esfandiar initially protests, reminding his father of Rostam's fame, great age and services to the dynasty, he eventually complies with his father's wishes and sets out towards Rostam. Upon reaching the home of Rostam, Esfandiar delivers the message, but Rostam refuses to comply with being put in chains, accepting only to accompany the young prince to his father's. Esfandiar insists, but Rostam - although making numerous concessions - stands his ground, and the two eventually meet in single combat. In the subsequent battle, Esfandiar which is Invincible is unaffected by Rostam's blows while the champion is seriously wounded. Pleading respite to dress his wounds, Rostam withdraws, where he learns from Simurgh of the only weapon that can affect Esfandiar which is the wood of a special tamarisk tree as a double headed arrow shot to his eyes, and also heals Rostam wounds, and it is through these that the young prince can be vanquished. Simurgh Also warns him about the fate that awaits the murderer of Esfandiar and asks Rostam to consider surrendering to The Prince. But Rostam refuses to accept the shame of surrendering to anyone and upon making this decision, Rostam fashions the double head arrow with a feather of Simurgh and a twig of a tamarisk tree, and when the battle resumes the next morning, Esfandiar is slain by a shot through the eyes. In the end Esfandiar confesses that it was false promise of his father Goshtasp who did not want to part with his throne, and the Arrow of Simurgh that got him killed; and Rostam is not guilty in this, but his real murderer who should be cursed and blamed is Goshtasp. This book is in 204 pages and 31843 words.
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Ahmad Shahvary, son of Ali (1896-1953), son of Morad Sultan Hamedani (1840-1911), was born on March 28 1945, in Tehran, Iran. His Mother was Hayat Sultan Bayat (1904-1980), daughter of Agha Mirza Bayat. He got his B.A. in Economics in 1970 and his Master in Political Science in 1974, and his MBA in 2005. He served as a career diplomat from 1976 to 2003, when he retired. Education: B.A. in Economics, National University of Iran, Tehran (1970) M. Sc. in Political Science, Social and Political Faculty, Tehran, Iran (1974) M. A. in Business Administration, Sejong-Syracuse Joint Program, Sejong University, Seoul, South Korea (2005) Military Service: In 1970-1971, he Performed his military as Lieutenant in Supply Department of then 2nd Army in Iran. Professions: 1970-1971 Performance of Military Duties. 1973-1974 Economic Expert of the Kampsax Consulting Inc., Iran-Denmark Joint Venture Entity. 1974 M & O Expert in Organization of Administrative Affairs and Recruitment of Iran, a State Organization. 1975-2003 In 1975 he joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Iran and served in the ministry and abroad: As 2nd Secretary in London, from 1979-1982; As 2nd Counselor in Brussels, from 1989 to 1992; As 1st Counselor in Mumbai, India, from 1997 to 2000; As 1st Counselor in Dhaka, in 2001 Skills: His main profession is research and preparing analytic reports on financial, social, historic, economic, and Iran’s literature subjects. His main profession is research and preparing analytic reports on financial, social, historic, economic, and Iran’s literature subjects. Some of his literary works: -Decline of Sassanid Empire. Tehran. 2005. 158 pages. 39128 words. -Description of the word “Pir” in Hafiz’s Ghazals. 2007. -From Assumption to the Reality: History of the Iran--United States Relations; Sept. 1811—March 2007. 2007. -Khwaja Hafiz Shirazi and Sufism. Tehran. 2005. -Rubaiyat of Umar / Omar Khayyam (Text in English; Rubais in English and Farsi). Tehran. 2005.76 -Similarities in the World Outlook of Khwaja Hafiz and Umar Khayyam. Tehran. 2000. -the History of Parthian Empire. Tehran. 2008. -World Outlook of Hakim Abul Qasim Ferdowsi. Mumbai. 2010. -World Outlook of Rumi. Seoul. 2005. -World Outlook of Umar / Omar Khayyam Nishabouri, 2nd Edition. Tehran. 2006. - Aaein-i Shahriyari dar Sokhan va Soroud-i Sa’di. Doctrine of Kingcraft in Poem and Prose of Sa’di. Tehran. 2006. For other literary works please search for Ahmad Shahvary by any search engine.
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