Indian Heroes and Great Chieftains

 
9781490574585: Indian Heroes and Great Chieftains

“This collection provides biographical sketches of 15 great Indian leaders, most Sioux; tracing their historical importance to both white and Native peoples. While students may turn to this for supplemental reading, many an adult will find this a fine refresher course on key Native leaders.” --Midwest Book Review

Raised as a young Sioux in the 1860’s and 1870’s, Eastman knew many of the Indian leaders he portrays here in vivid, biographical sketches. Included are Red Cloud, Rain-in-the-Face, Crazy Horse, Sitting Bull, Little Crow, Chief Joseph and nine more.

EVERY age, every race, has its leaders and heroes. There were over sixty distinct tribes of Indians on this continent, each of which boasted its notable men. The names and deeds of some of these men will live in American history, yet in the true sense they are unknown, because misunderstood. I should like to present some of the greatest chiefs of modern times in the light of the native character and ideals, believing that the American people will gladly do them tardy justice. It is matter of history that the Sioux nation, to which I belong, was originally friendly to the Caucasian peoples which it met in succession-first, to the south the Spaniards; then the French, on the Mississippi River and along the Great Lakes; later the English, and finally the Americans. This powerful tribe then roamed over the whole extent of the Mississippi valley, between that river and the Rockies. Their usages and government united the various bands more closely than was the case with many of the neighboring tribes. During the early part of the nineteenth century, chiefs such as Wabashaw, Redwing, and Little Six among the eastern Sioux, Conquering Bear, Man-Afraid-of-His-Horse, and Hump of the western bands, were the last of the old type. After these, we have a coterie of new leaders, products of the new conditions brought about by close contact with the conquering race.

CONTENTS 1. RED CLOUD 2. SPOTTED TAIL 3. LITTLE CROW 4. TAMAHAY 5. GALL 6. CRAZY HORSE 7. SITTING BULL 8. RAIN-IN-THE-FACE 9. TWO STRIKE 10. AMERICAN HORSE 11. DULL KNIFE 12. ROMAN NOSE 13. CHIEF JOSEPH 14. LITTLE WOLF 15. HOLE-IN-THE-DAY

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About the Author:

Charles Alexander Eastman (born Hakadah and later named Ohíye S’a; February 19, 1858 – January 8, 1939) was a Native American physician, writer, national lecturer, and reformer. Eastman was of Santee Sioux and Anglo-American ancestry. Active in politics and issues on American Indian rights, he worked to improve the lives of youths, and founded thirty-two Native American chapters of the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA). He also helped found the Boy Scouts of America. He is considered the first Native American author to write American history from the Native point of view.

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