The Essential Volta: The Identity of the Electric Fluid with the so-called Galvanic Fluid

9781511727303: The Essential Volta: The Identity of the Electric Fluid with the so-called Galvanic Fluid

L’identità del fluido elettrico col cosí detto fluido galvanico, vittoriosamente dimostrata con nuove esperienze ed osservazioni. Notes by Alessandro Volta, compiled and edited by Pietro Configliachi. This is a memoir of Alessandro Volta's researches surrounding Galvanism and his discovery of the Voltaic Pile, which he then put to good use in many experiments which had as their aim the identity of this novel electric fluid, of low tension but of great abundance, with the common electric fluid of static origin, derived through friction. Although now over 200 years old, it was written during a seminal moment in the history of science. The seven main articles of this memoir are: ARTICLE I: Of simple Galvanism, or rather of phenomena thus called galvanic, produced by the application of only two or three conductors, or rather differing electric motors. ARTICLE II: Of compound Galvanism, or to better tell it, Voltaism; that is, of the arrays formed by an ordered series of simple Electromotors. ARTICLE III: Of the power which Electromotors have of charging, in the briefest interval of time, and to a tension equal to their own, any Leyden jar whatever, or battery [of jars]; and to hence have these jars give shocks proportional to such charges, and to their respective capacities. ARTICLE IV: Further evaluation of the worthiness of the electric discharges, under the double relation of their intensity, or electrometric tension, and of the quantity of fluid which shapes them, along with various researches in Electrometry. ARTICLE V: On the little conductive virtue of water, maximally pure: through which an electric current, while passing through there, broadens as much as possible, taking beyond the straight path many other paths, however long and oblique. Application of this to the shocks which are had under water, equally from the Torpedoes as from the piles, and from the Leyden jars. ARTICLE VI: Of the effects which, besides the shocks, the Electromotors produce upon the animal organs, and especially upon those of the senses. ARTICLE VII: Continuation of the preceding article: or rather, special observations surrounding a few circumstances which modify the strength and the quality of the impressions conveyed by the Electromotors upon our organs.

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