This specific ISBN edition is currently not available.View all copies of this ISBN edition:
The Lombard Communes is a detailed history of the cities of Medieval northern Italy, the heart of the former Western Roman Empire where civilization was gradually reawakening after the devastating invasions of the Gothic and Lombard barbarians. It was a long and painful process. Warfare was continuous and vicious. On Italy’s mountains and plains, the Holy Roman Empire fought against the Lombard League, Popes fought German emperors, Guelfs fought Ghibellines, cities fought cities, towns fought towns, merchants fought the nobility, families fought families. Rivalries were matters of life and death, prosperity or exile. Ruthless opportunists thrived or suffered brutal deaths. Alliances constantly shifted. In spite of it all, the incredible spirit of the Italian people prevailed and civilization was rebuilt. The cost was enormous but out of the chaos came the Renaissance.
"synopsis" may belong to another edition of this title.
Book Description CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2015. Condition: New. book. Seller Inventory # M1519712790
Book Description CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. Paperback. Condition: Brand New. This item is printed on demand. Seller Inventory # zk1519712790