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Acts by which people willfully deceive are introduced by al-Ghazzali along with the degrees of hypocrisy, a discussion of hidden hypocrisy, the type of hypocrisy which nullifies good deeds, and teh treatment of a spiritual heart sick with the disease of hypocrisy. He then describes acts of devotion which are permitted to be revealed, the sins which are permitted to be concealed and the permission to in some cases refrain from charitable acts out of fear of hypocrisy. This is Book XXVIII of Part Three of the Alchemy of Happiness entitled The Destroyers.
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Al-Ghazâlî (c.1056 1111) was one of the most prominent and influential philosophers, theologians, jurists, and mystics of Sunni Islam. He was active at a time when Sunni theology had just passed through its consolidation and entered a period of intense challenges from Shiite Ismâ îlite theology and the Arabic tradition of Aristotelian philosophy (falsafa). Al-Ghazâlî understood the importance of falsafa and developed a complex response that rejected and condemned some of its teachings, while it also allowed him to accept and apply others. Al-Ghazâlî's critique of twenty positions of falsafa in his Incoherence of the Philosophers (Tahâfut al-falâsifa) is a significant landmark in the history of philosophy as it advances the nominalist critique of Aristotelian science developed later in 14th century Europe. On the Arabic and Muslim side al-Ghazâlî's acceptance of demonstration (apodeixis) led to a much more refined and precise discourse on epistemology and a flowering of Aristotelian logics and metaphysics. With al-Ghazâlî begins the successful introduction of Aristotelianism or rather Avicennism into Muslim theology. After a period of appropriation of the Greek sciences in the translation movement from Greek into Arabic and the writings of the falâsifa up to Avicenna (Ibn Sînâ, c.980 1037), philosophy and the Greek sciences were naturalized into the discourse of kalâm and Muslim theology (Sabra 1987). Al-Ghazâlî's approach to resolving apparent contradictions between reason and revelation was accepted by almost all later Muslim theologians and had, via the works of Averroes (Ibn Rushd, 1126 98) and Jewish authors a significant influence on Latin medieval thinking.
-- Griffel, Frank, "Al-Ghazali", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2013 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.)
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Book Description Kazi Publications, Inc., 2003. Paperback. Condition: New. Seller Inventory # SV-NWT8-1OH0
Book Description Kazi Publications, Inc., 2003. Condition: New. book. Seller Inventory # M1567447015
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Book Description Kazi Publications, 2003. Paperback. Condition: Brand New. 64 pages. 8.20x5.30x0.20 inches. In Stock. Seller Inventory # 1567447015
Book Description Kazi Publications, Inc., 2003. Paperback. Condition: New. Never used!. Seller Inventory # P111567447015