Illustrated Pharmacology Memory Cards: PharMnemonics

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9781595411013: Illustrated Pharmacology Memory Cards: PharMnemonics
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This set of 282 PharMnemonics cards is carefully designed to make medical pharmacology fun to learn and easy to memorize. First of all, major drug names or class stems are linked to drug actions with mnemonics, humor and illustrations. This turns a "clueless" drug name into a vivid visual cue for easy recall of drug actions and quick recognition of drug classification. Secondly, along with the action-linked visual mnemonics, mechanisms of action are explained sufficiently with detailed diagrams. Thirdly, drug uses, interactions and side effects are summarized concisely in an outline format and ALSO made memorable with numerous mnemonics and illustrations. Finally, some key points of drugs are presented with tables and even highlighted with Dr. Bright's Hint, a special mnemonic form mostly expressed as a brief conversation. Organized systematically, each topic starts with an overview card that has a list of drugs on the front and an integrated diagram illustrating the sites of action on the back. This provides the reader a comprehensive yet clear big picture for drug classification and rationales of drug therapy. It is updated with the latest drugs and drug classes, such as GLP-1 agonists and DPP-4 inhibitors used for treating type II diabetes mellitus. Also, it has an appendix listing commonly used trade names. This set of PharMnemonics cards is intended to serve as an excellent memory aid in medical pharmacology review, either for the courses or the board exams. It is suitable for anyone who wants to learn and memorize medical pharmacology with ease and fun.

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From the Publisher:

Features of this set of PharMnemonics Cards:

-Visual
-Mnemonic
-Humorous
-Systematic
-Outlined
-Concise
-Sufficient
-Up-to-date

Examples of the mnemonic or memory techniques or strategies used in this PharMnemonics:

1> Linking a drug name (Pilocarpine) to its action (Pupil constriction):
PILOCARPINE: A PILE of CAR-delivered PINEs is used for the pupil constri(u)ction project (illustruated with a figure).

2> Linking a drug class stem (-pril) to its action (Inhibition of an enzyme called ACE):
PRIL: PERIL is gone with E (Enzyme ACE). By knocking out the E, the PERIL is replaced with a -PRIL pill and the capital PERIL of hypertension and CHF can be diminished by captoPRIL (illustruated with a figure).

3> Linking a drug name (Sumatriptan) to its use (treatment of Migraine):
SUMATRIPTAN: If you have migraine in the SUMMER, simply take A TRIP for TAN. Just relax (illustruated with a figure).

4> Linking a drug name (PHENyTOIN) to its side effects:
Peripheral neuropathy.
Hyperplasia of gingiva, Hirsutism and coarse facial features.
Hypersensitivity: skin rash and even Stevens-Johnson syndrome.
Enlarged lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy).
Nystagmus, diplopia and sedation.
Teratogenicity ("Fetal hydantoin syndrome").
Osteomalacia (due to decreased Vitamin D), megalOblastic anemia (due to deceased folate levels).
Inhibition of ADH and insulin secretion.
Nausea and vomiting

5> Linking a drug class (SSRIs) to its side effects:
Sick stomach, leading to anorexia, nausea, etc.
Sexual dysfunction.
Restless: agitation, anxiety and tremor.
Insomnia.
Serotonin syndrome. Caused by concurrent use of MAOIs

6> Linking a disease name (DIABETES mellitus) to its drugs or drug classes:
DDP-4 inhibitors (Sitagliptin)
Insulins.
Amylin analog (Pramlinitide).
Acarbose (Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors).
Biguanides (Metformin).
Exenatide (GLP-1 agonists).
Thiazolidinediones (PPARr agonists).
Excercise and weight control (Essential for the control of type II DM).
Sulfonylureas(Insulin secretagogues).

7> Dr. Bright's hint:
Intern: Doc, of drugs used in Parkinson's disease, what drugs are better for relieving Bradykinesia?
Dr: Bromocriptine and related DA agonists.
Intern: Then, what drugs are better for attenuating Tremor?
Dr: Trihexyphenidyl and related antimuscarinic agents.

8> Dr. Bright's hint:
Intern: Doc, why can lithium cause nephrogenic diabetes insipidus?
Dr: As you can see in the figure on the left, this is because the lithium battery overcharges the water pump in the kidney.

9> Cartoons and humors:
This feature may be sensed from the Front cover image:
The man in the platelet on the left side stands for ASPIRIN (AS a PI [Platelet Inhibitor], I REIN COX-1 [the wheel] with an acetyl chain [CH3-CO-]);
The dog on the top of the platelet on the right side represents CLOPIDOGREL (As a CLOPI [CLOt/Platelet Inhibitor], this DOG is for REaL in blocking the ADP receptor)

From the Author:

In learning pharmacology, what really matters is what we have memorized with clarity but not what we have learned with ambiguity. However, it is overwhelming, if not impossible, for us to memorize numerous "clueless" drug names, let alone their actions, clinical uses, interactions and sides effects. To help memorize medical pharmacology with ease and fun, we carefully designed this set of 282 PharMnemonics cards by using the memory techniques or strategies listed in Publisher's comments

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Howard Shen
Published by Minireview (2007)
ISBN 10: 1595411011 ISBN 13: 9781595411013
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