Activated Sludge Technologies for Treating Industrial Wastewaters: Design and Troubleshooting

 
9781605950198: Activated Sludge Technologies for Treating Industrial Wastewaters: Design and Troubleshooting
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Technical information for using activated sludge to treat effluents from multiple industries Covers virtually all traditional and advanced methods, as well as treatability and process modeling New methods for removing U.S. and European regulated microconstituents, trace organics, active pharmaceutical ingredients and other contaminants Explains advances in water reuse and plant retrofitting Useful for in-house training

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- This comprehensive book presents critical information on the applications of activated sludge for treating industrial wastewaters, as well as other effluents that impact POTWs. The book offers details on how advances in activated sludge can be deployed to meet more stringent discharge limits by explaining many novel variations of activated sludge and offering technical guidance on process modeling and optimization. Special attention is given to emerging contaminants and water reuse strategies. Case studies are drawn from the pharma, food and shale gas industries. Based on short courses taught by the authors, as well as hundreds of hours of in-plant consulting, this book offers the tools to understand and modify the activated sludge process for superior and sustainable wastewater treatment. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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About the Author:

W. Wesley Eckenfelder, Jr., D.Sc., P.E., who passed away in March 2010 during the writing of this book, was one of the world s foremost authorities, teacher, consultant and lecturer on industrial wastewater treatment. He consulted for over 200 industries, municipalities and government agencies. Dr. Eckenfelder conducted hundreds of workshops and lectures and authored over 200 technical papers. He authored or edited 30 books. He won numerous awards and honors including the Water Environment Federation (WEF) Industrial Water Quality Lifetime Achievement Award in 2007. He taught at Manhattan College in Riverdale, New York, University of Texas at Austin and Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee. He was also a founder or co-founder of well-known engineering firms including Weston, Hydroscience and Associated Water and Air Resources Engineers (AWARE). Wes was a down to earth guy who could understand and talk to students, plant operators and engineers and explain and discuss complex problems in simple terms.

Joseph G. Cleary, P.E., BCEE, is a Senior Vice President and Industrial Wastewater Technical Leader at HDR | HydroQual in Mahwah, New Jersey. He is a Professional Engineer in several states and Puerto Rico and a Board Certified Environmental Engineer by the American Academy of Environmental Engineers and Scientists. Mr. Cleary has 40 years of experience consulting industrial clients including specializing in pharmaceutical, chemical, food and beverage and pulp and paper. He has designed treatment plants in the U.S., Puerto Rico, South America and Europe. He has lectured at numerous workshops and presented over 50 technical papers. He was Chair of both the Water Environment Federation s Industrial Wastewater Committee and the Microconstituents Community of Practice. He recently received the WEF Industrial Water Quality Lifetime Achievement Award in 2012 and the Heukelekian Award for Outstanding Contribution in Industrial Waste Control from the NJWEA in 2009. He holds Bachelor and Master degrees in Civil and Environmental Engineering from Manhattan College.

Review:

This comprehensive overview of the use of activated sludge processes for treatment of industrial wastewater is a welcome addition to the technical literature. The manual provides an exhaustive list of historical and newly developed activated sludge processes, such as those involving nitritation for ammonia reduction, ballasted activated sludge and aerobic granular activated sludge. While the list is comprehensive, some of the newer processes have been applied to municipal wastewater treatment, but without documented application to industrial wastewaters. The main focus on activated sludge treatment is supplemented with a short discussion of anaerobic treatment of industrial wastewater.

A wealth of information lies within this compact manual for the target audience of operators, engineers and students. There are many helpful charts and tables of values (e.g. biokinetic rate coefficients for various types of organic-bearing wastewaters, trace nutrient requirements for activated sludge). Concepts are reinforced by liberal use of well-documented design procedures and examples. In situations where more than one type of activated sludge process might be applied, the authors provide helpful lists of question to ask when deciding between process options. The relevance of the manual to the present is exemplified by the inclusion of current topics of interest such as shale gas wastewater treatment, removal of microconstituents, and water recycling and reuse within industries.

The manual would have benefitted by inclusion of a consolidated list of symbols and abbreviations used in design equations.

Despite these minor quibbles, the manual deserves a place on the practitoner s bookshelf. It may be best used as an introduction to activated sludge treatment of industrial wastewaters, so readers may follow up with more detailed design and operation texts involving activated sludge treatment from authoritative organizations such as the Water Environment Federation( Industrial and Municipal wastewater treatment), the International Water Association (biological wastewater treatment), and Metcalf and Eddy, as well as recognized texts such as Grady, Daigger, Love and Felipe. November 15, 2013 --Hugh Monteith, Senior Consultant, Hydromantis Envirnmental Software Solutions, Inc.

Highly practical and practicable this is the kind of book that often eludes and sometimes irritates the professors and academics. The first half of the book builds upon decades of empirically derived data from real world industrial practice distilled down to simple graphs, tables and useful rules of thumb that work. Yet most of the key concepts are all there in sufficient depth to enable the reader to intelligently apply the late Dr. Eckenfelder s 50+ years experience for troubleshooting and resolving difficult industrial wastewater problems. And in this book where we see test data presented it is almost always for the removal of pollutants from wastewater not tap or deionized water!

Posthumously Joe Cleary takes this up-to-date redux of the venerable Dr. Eckenfelder s work and builds upon the basics so that he can introduce the reader to more advanced concepts and problem solving opportunities that have emerged in the last 10-15 years including: The highly innovative Anammox® deammonification process and its novel biochemistry for nitrogen conversion. Here we are briefly introduced to a process where-by cells convert ammonia to hydrazine (rocket fuel) and store this as an intercellular intermediate for eventual conversion to nitrogen gas with roughly 40-60% reduction in energy than the conventional nitrification/denitrification processes plus a lower sludge yield and no supplemental carbon requirement; Innovative BioMag/CoMag ballasted flocculation processes for enhancing solids and nutrient removal as well as clarifier capacity and performance; --Ed Helmig, Practicing Wastewater Engineer and Contributor

A new book, Activated Sludge Technologies for Treating Industrial Wastewaters: Design and Troubleshooting, has been published to provide critical information on the applications of activated sludge for treating industrial wastewaters, as well as other effluents that impact publicly- owned treatment works (POTWs). Articulating the motivation and timing for writing the book, the authors emphasized the 100th birthday of activated sludge as well as the need to convey important data from their many workshops. Trends and Technologies Outlined Although the fundamentals of the activated sludge process have essentially remained unchanged over the last 100 years, there have been significant fluctuations in technology, operating experience and effluent permit limits and energy saving drivers. Likewise, technological advances include membrane bioreactors, nitrogen and phosphorus nutrient processes, treatability testing, and process modeling tools to design and troubleshoot performance of activated sludge treatment technologies. The authors have presented this subject matter at numerous workshops and the Manhattan College Institute for Water Pollution Control, and decided it was time to summarize developments and trends over the last 20 years for engineers, operators and students with a focus on industrial wastewater. One of the chapters in the book reviews basic principles of the activated sludge process. The basic activated sludge process has evolved over the years through a variety of configurations, such as plug flow and fully-mixed systems, and sequencing batch reactors (SBR). Advancements range from adding media for biomass to attach to in moving bed bioreactors to membranes, which replace final clarifiers for solids-liquid separation from the treated wastewater in membrane bioreactors.. One chapter in the book reviews many of the advancements in these technologies over the years, and a number of case studies are presented, illustrating design calculations. Nitrogen removal fundamentals as well as design and troubleshooting case studies are covered in detail. These case studies depict how a project progresses from treatability testing to design, start-up, and even troubleshooting and re-start due to loss of nitrification. The use of process modeling tools for design and troubleshooting are presented with easy-to-follow design calculations. . One chapter is devoted to the various types of treatability tests available with real examples of how the design information is developed and used for full-scale design of an SBR treatment plant. One of the biggest technological advancements affecting industrial wastewater in recent years has been the ability to extract natural gas from shale. Shale gas production uses large amounts of water, which impacts discharges to activated sludge plants. Shale gas is only one example of the need for smart wastewater management, mostly using physical/chemical treatment processes rather than activated sludge. To prepare that chapter, the authors consulted colleague John Schubert of HDR, an expert on shale gas water management. Rainwater-harvesting case studies are also presented. These types of projects are being driven by companies' sustainability goals to reduce their water and energy footprints. One chapter is devoted to examples of treating activated sludge effluent using tertiary treatment technologies to achieve the water quality needed to recycle the water to cooling towers, boilers and other utilities in the pharmaceutical, food and beverage and other industries. In summary, this book provides a comprehensive overview and wealth of current information for engineers, operators and students working on industrial water and wastewater projects. --Review in Water World Magazine(abridged ), March 2014

This comprehensive overview of the use of activated sludge processes for treatment of industrial wastewater is a welcome addition to the technical literature. The manual provides an exhaustive list of historical and newly developed activated sludge processes, such as those involving nitritation for ammonia reduction, ballasted activated sludge and aerobic granular activated sludge. While the list is comprehensive, some of the newer processes have been applied to municipal wastewater treatment, but without documented application to industrial wastewaters. The main focus on activated sludge treatment is supplemented with a short discussion of anaerobic treatment of industrial wastewater. A wealth of information lies within this compact manual for the target audience of operators, engineers and students. There are many helpful charts and tables of values (e.g. biokinetic rate coefficients for various types of organic-bearing wastewaters, trace nutrient requirements for activated sludge). Concepts are reinforced by liberal use of well-documented design procedures and examples. In situations where more than one type of activated sludge process might be applied, the authors provide helpful lists of question to ask when deciding between process options. The relevance of the manual to the present is exemplified by the inclusion of current topics of interest such as shale gas wastewater treatment, removal of microconstituents, and water recycling and reuse within industries. The manual would have benefitted by inclusion of a consolidated list of symbols and abbreviations used in design equations. Despite these minor quibbles, the manual deserves a place on the practitoner s bookshelf. It may be best used as an introduction to activated sludge treatment of industrial wastewaters, so readers may follow up with more detailed design and operation texts involving activated sludge treatment from authoritative organizations such as the Water Environment Federation( Industrial and Municipal wastewater treatment), the International Water Association (biological wastewater treatment), and Metcalf and Eddy, as well as recognized texts such as Grady, Daigger, Love and Felipe. --Hugh Monteith, Senior Consultant, Hydromantis Environmental Software Solutions, Inc.

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