In his classic Second Treatise of Government, author John Locke outlines the central principles of what is broadly known today as political liberalism. Written in 1690, the Second Treatise of Government outlines the governmental principles of individual liberty, rule of law, government by consent of the people, and the right to private property. Though taken for granted as fundamental to the human condition now, these rights were not so common Locke's day. Most liberal theorists look back to Locke as the source of their ideas. Some maintain that religious fundamentalism, 'post-modernism', and socialism are today the only remaining ideological threats to liberalism. To the extent that this is true, these ideologies are ultimately attacks on the ideas that John Locke, arguably more than any other, helped to make the universal vocabulary of political discourse in the Second Treatise of Government.
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Library of Liberal Arts title.About the Author:
John Locke (1632-1704), widely known as the Father of Liberalism, was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers. Considered one of the first of the British empiricists, following the tradition of Francis Bacon, he is equally important to social contract theory. His work had a great impact upon the development of epistemology and political philosophy. His writings influenced Voltaire and Rousseau, many Scottish Enlightenment thinkers, as well as the American revolutionaries. His contributions to classical republicanism and liberal theory are reflected in the American Declaration of Independence. Locke's theory of mind is often cited as the origin of modern conceptions of identity and the self, figuring prominently in the work of later philosophers such as Hume, Rousseau and Kant. Locke was the first to define the self through a continuity of consciousness. He postulated that the mind was a blank slate or tabula rasa. Contrary to pre-existing Cartesian philosophy, he maintained that we are born without innate ideas, and that knowledge is instead determined only by experience derived from sense perception.
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Book Description ReadaClassic.com, 2010. Paperback. Book Condition: New. Never used!. Bookseller Inventory # 1611041015
Book Description ReadaClassic.com, 2010. Paperback. Book Condition: New. book. Bookseller Inventory # M1611041015