Vulnerable Populations and Disaster: Risk Reduction, Resilience, Management, and Recovery

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9781771884891: Vulnerable Populations and Disaster: Risk Reduction, Resilience, Management, and Recovery

This new volume provides a nuanced look at vulnerable populations before, during, and after disasters. Vulnerable populations include the economically disadvantaged, racial and ethnic minorities, the uninsured, low-income children, the elderly, the homeless, children and young people, and those with other chronic health conditions, including severe mental illness. The chapters will be helpful to those working with these populations as well as for disaster preparedness professionals.

The chapters in this book included are broken into five sections, which describe the following topics:

Part I of this book delves into the ways policymakers and researchers define vulnerable populations.

Part II looks at emergency risk reduction among vulnerable populations, from children to the elderly.

Part III explores disaster preparedness strategies for vulnerable people.

Part IV discusses the management of disaster responses and communication with the public.

Part V consists of assessments of and suggestions for disaster responders helping vulnerable populations.

Topics include:

· establishing and maintaining a database of vulnerable people

· links between financial capacity and preparedness

· how to build up and maintain a disaster-resilient nation

· how children with disabilities are affected by disasters

· developing strategies to redress inequality in disaster risk

· addressing special needs students at schools in times of emergency

· how the past experiences of older people influence their preparedness for disasters

· tools and strategies vital to helping older people with chronic diseases

Disaster professionals in countries from around the world share their research and studies on working with vulnerable populations of such disasters as floods, political violence, humanitarian emergencies, the H1N1 pandemic, earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, and more.

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About the Author:

Girish Bobby Kapur, MD, MPH, is the Chief of Emergency Medicine at Jackson Memorial Hospital (JMH) in Miami, FL and was recruited in 2015 to bring transformative change in the delivery of high-quality acute patient care at one of the nation’s busiest emergency centers. Dr. Kapur is launching an academic platform with his colleagues at JMH based on clinical excellence, innovative education, translational research, and public health outreach at the Jackson Health System and the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine.

Dr. Kapur is an internationally recognized emergency physician and public health expert who previously served as the Associate Chief for Academic Affairs and the Founding Residency Program Director in the Section of Emergency Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine (BCM) from 2009-2015. Based on his international and academic accomplishments, Dr. Kapur was also appointed by the President of BCM as the Founding Director of the Center for Globalization at BCM. For two years, Dr. Kapur helped guide the College’s global initiatives. In September 2014, Dr. Kapur led a six-person team that trained nearly 1,500 people in Ebola preparedness and response in Nigeria during the middle of the epidemic in the country. Dr. Kapur was also a co-investigator on the USAID grant "Fighting Ebola: A Grand Challenge."

Before his roles at BCM, Dr. Kapur directed global health training programs and international projects at the Ronald Reagan Institute for Emergency Medicine at George Washington University (GWU) from 2004-2009. At GWU, Dr. Kapur established multiple academic training programs and acute healthcare systems with partners in Asia, Latin America and the Middle East. In addition, Dr. Kapur implemented a countrywide project in Turkey that trained more than 2,000 physicians providing emergency care in Turkey’s national hospitals.

Dr. Kapur received his Bachelor of Arts degree in English Literature and Policy Studies from Rice University and his Medical Doctor degree from Baylor College of Medicine. He then completed his residency in Emergency Medicine from Yale School of Medicine followed by a fellowship in international emergency medicine and global health from Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard School of Medicine. He also completed his Master in Public Health from the Harvard School of Public Health.

Dr. Kapur has published multiple peer-reviewed papers and is the senior editor for the first textbook in the field of Emergency Public Health titled Emergency Public Health: Preparedness and Response. Dr. Kapur has served as the Chair of the International Committee for both the American College of Emergency Physicians and the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine. In June 2012, Dr. Kapur was awarded the Order of the International Federation of Emergency Medicine for his contributions to global health and emergency medicine, an honor given to only two US emergency physicians every two years.

Amado Alejandro Baéz, MD, MSc, MPH, FAAEM, FCCP, FCCM, completed his residency in Emergency Medicine at the Mayo Clinic and a Fellowship in Trauma Critical Care at Harvard University/Brigham and Women's Hospital. He has masters degrees in Public Health and Health Care Management and Policy. Born in raised in the Dominican Republic since 1992, Dr Baez has been actively leading efforts in Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, serving as national Chief of Operation with the Dominican Red Cross, Consultant to the Pan-American Health organization and Security Operator and Advisor to the Dominican Government. Dr. Baéz has lectured in over a dozen countries and authored more than 100 publications and abstracts in the fields of disaster, tactical/operational, trauma, and critical care. From 2006 to 2009, he served as Associate Director for EMS at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital/ Harvard, and from 2009 to 2005, he chaired an Academic Department of Emergency Medicine in the Dominican Republican, where he worked closely with the government, NGOs, and academia in operational medicine and disaster management solutions. Dr. Baéz was instrumental in leading efforts that resulted in a transborder system between Haiti and the Dominican Republic that cared for close to 5,000 victims and relatives of the 2010 earthquake. He currently serves as the Emergency Medicine Program Director at Jackson Memorial Hospital. Previously, he was at the Operational Medicine Institute at Harvard Medical Faculty Physicians (founding director), Hospital General de la Plaza de la Salúd, Universidad Iberoamericana (UNIBE).

Gerard Job, MD, has focused his education on the preparedness and response to disaster and public health emergencies. After graduating from medical school at Howard University, he completed his residency in Emergency Medicine at Long Island Jewish Hospital and Certificates in Disaster Training. Now as an attending physician and core faculty member of Jackson Memorial Hospital, he works closely with Disaster and Emergency Preparedness in developing protocols and training staff members for all possible hazards. He is also a faculty in the "Disaster Education and Simulation Laboratory Training" course at Jackson Health System.

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