Two Models of Government: A New Classification of Governments in Terms of Power (Societas)

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9781845408848: Two Models of Government: A New Classification of Governments in Terms of Power (Societas)

This book offers a fresh and original analysis of the power structure of a number of societies, past and present.

There are and ever have been only two essential models of government: minority rule of all types (labelled "oligocracy") and regimes in which power is concentrated in the hands of a single individual (labelled “monocracy”).

Vaunted democracies are in reality either oligocracies or monocracies. The present-day “democracies” of Britain and the United States are in reality composite oligocracies made up of several disparate elements. Oligocracies are by definition regimes with a high degree of inequality, but with variable levels of liberty. Oligocracy and inequality are the “default” features of human society.

Equality is unattainable except by a radical monocracy like Fidel Castro's Cuba, and then only with difficulty and at the expense of liberty and probably of lives as well. Equality of opportunity must not be equated with equality. Equality of opportunity means an equal opportunity to become unequal. Paradoxically, however, for genuine equality of opportunity to exist there has to be equality ― which is practically unattainable.

For genuine freedom of expression to exist there also needs to be equality, because the little man standing on his soap-box and shouting his lungs out at Speaker’s Corner in London’s Hyde Park cannot compete with the media moguls ― which is why genuine freedom of expression is rare.

Once these truths are recognised, it becomes clear that for one state to attempt regime change in a foreign country is likely to be futile.

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About the Author:

Dr Michael Arnheim is a practising London Barrister and member of the Irish Bar, the author of 15 published books to date, a former Professor of Classics and Sometime Fellow of St John's College, Cambridge. His published books include Is Christianity True? (1984), The Handbook of Human Rights Law (2004) and The US Constitution for Dummies (2009).

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Book Description IMPRINT ACADEMIC, United Kingdom, 2016. Paperback. Book Condition: New. Language: English . Brand New Book ***** Print on Demand *****. This book offers a fresh and original analysis of the power structure of a number of societies, past and present. There are and ever have been only two essential models of government: minority rule of all types (labelled oligocracy ) and regimes in which power is concentrated in the hands of a single individual (labelled monocracy ). Vaunted democracies are in reality either oligocracies or monocracies. The present-day democracies of Britain and the United States are in reality composite oligocracies made up of several disparate elements. Oligocracies are by definition regimes with a high degree of inequality, but with variable levels of liberty. Oligocracy and inequality are the default features of human society. Equality is unattainable except by a radical monocracy like Fidel Castro s Cuba, and then only with difficulty and at the expense of liberty and probably of lives as well. Equality of opportunity must not be equated with equality. Equality of opportunity means an equal opportunity to become unequal. Paradoxically, however, for genuine equality of opportunity to exist there has to be equality -- which is practically unattainable. For genuine freedom of expression to exist there also needs to be equality, because the little man standing on his soap-box and shouting his lungs out at Speaker s Corner in London s Hyde Park cannot compete with the media moguls -- which is why genuine freedom of expression is rare. Once these truths are recognised, it becomes clear that for one state to attempt regime change in a foreign country is likely to be futile. Bookseller Inventory # APC9781845408848

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Michael Arnheim
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Book Description IMPRINT ACADEMIC, United Kingdom, 2016. Paperback. Book Condition: New. Language: English . Brand New Book ***** Print on Demand *****.This book offers a fresh and original analysis of the power structure of a number of societies, past and present. There are and ever have been only two essential models of government: minority rule of all types (labelled oligocracy ) and regimes in which power is concentrated in the hands of a single individual (labelled monocracy ). Vaunted democracies are in reality either oligocracies or monocracies. The present-day democracies of Britain and the United States are in reality composite oligocracies made up of several disparate elements. Oligocracies are by definition regimes with a high degree of inequality, but with variable levels of liberty. Oligocracy and inequality are the default features of human society. Equality is unattainable except by a radical monocracy like Fidel Castro s Cuba, and then only with difficulty and at the expense of liberty and probably of lives as well. Equality of opportunity must not be equated with equality. Equality of opportunity means an equal opportunity to become unequal. Paradoxically, however, for genuine equality of opportunity to exist there has to be equality -- which is practically unattainable. For genuine freedom of expression to exist there also needs to be equality, because the little man standing on his soap-box and shouting his lungs out at Speaker s Corner in London s Hyde Park cannot compete with the media moguls -- which is why genuine freedom of expression is rare. Once these truths are recognised, it becomes clear that for one state to attempt regime change in a foreign country is likely to be futile. Bookseller Inventory # APC9781845408848

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