Art Re-formed: Re-assessing the Impact of the Reformation on the Visual Arts

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9781847183118: Art Re-formed: Re-assessing the Impact of the Reformation on the Visual Arts
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This book fundamentally reassesses traditional understandings of the impact of the Reformation on the visual arts in Britain. It answers the surprising lack of a standard art-historical volume on the subject by bringing together the work of leading authorities in the fields of art history, Reformation history and literary studies, together with ground-breaking research by younger scholars. Combining a range of interdisciplinary approaches and perspectives the book presents a survey of post-Reformation visual imagery in Britain from the period 1550-1640. The book overturns long-held assumptions that the Protestant prohibition of devotional images in churches extended to religious imagery in all contexts, including private houses. It does this by shifting its focus from iconoclasm, to the theme of re-forming which examines the many ways in which the visual arts were reshaped and adapted to meet the changing demands of post-Reformation society. Some pre-Reformation images were refashioned or re-contextualised, and traditional religious iconography could be transformed through an interaction with texts or even through the choice of materials. This theme is examined in the book through case-studies drawn from a wide range of media; from prints and paintings to plasterwork and the ephemera of funeral pageantry. The significance of the location of imagery is also emphasised through examples drawn from the formal spaces of churches or a town hall to the private spaces of private houses belonging to courtiers and non-elite members of society. Developments in Britain are related to the wider European context with chapters on the impact of the Reformation on visual representation in Germany and Poland. What emerges from this is a radically different conception of the impact of the Reformation as not simply and exclusively destructive but also as a dynamic and creative process of cultural transformation. The volume includes a wealth of illustrations, many in colour, of little-known or understudied material from Britain and Northern Europe. It cuts across traditional boundaries made between fine arts and decorative arts, and between objects created for the court elite and those further down the social scale. The book not only provides a fundamental source of reference for art-historians and scholars of the Reformation, it opens up new areas of enquiry for the future. I believe this book will become a fundamental source of reference for historians and art historians alike. It comprehensively overturns the orthodoxy that religious imagery had no place in English culture from the latter part of the sixteenth century onwards. The book is also of great significance for the ways in which it places developments in England in a European context, with important contributions on the impact of the Reformation on modes of representation in Germany and Poland. Its importance is further demonstrated by the ways in which it offers a series of stimulating reflections on post-Reformation representation in a variety of media, ranging from plasterwork to funeral pageantry, and addresses issues of imagery in relation to text as well as to particular locations. It both effectively surveys the period from 1550 to 1640 and opens up new areas of enquiry for the future. Dr Susan Foister, National Gallery, London Art-Reformed is a well-conceived and timely collection containing essays by some of the leading figures in art history, literature and history. A work that rethinks our understanding of art and the production of images in the sixteenth century has been necessary for many years and Tara Hamling and Richard Williams excellent book finally provides us with this. Until now it has been possible to argue that the Reformation brought in its wake a suspicion of images that led to the development of portrait painting as the

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About the Author:

TARA HAMLING is a RCUK Research Fellow in the Department of Modern History, University of Birmingham. She was a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow in the Art History Department, University of Sussex from 2003-6. Her research and teaching focuses on post-Reformation art and material culture in Britain. RICHARD L. WILLIAMS is Associate Lecturer at Birkbeck College, University of London. He has published on both Catholic and Protestant visual culture in Early Modern England and is currently a post-doctoral fellow at the Paul Mellon Centre, Yale University.

Review:

Art-Reformed is a well-conceived and timely collection containing essays by some of the leading figures in art history, literature and history. A work rethinks our understanding of art and the production of images in the sixteenth century has been necessary for many years and Tara Hamling and Richard Williams' excellent book finally provides us with this. Until now it has been possible to argue that the Reformation brought in its wake a suspicion of images that led to the development of portrait painting as the only way of producing art works. Art-Reformed explodes this reductive myth, showing how images were redeployed and re-used, how popular images proliferated after the Reformation, and how art in public spaces differed from that in domestic interiors. Every scholar working on the sixteenth century ought to read this collection, not just art historians, as it shows how hesitantly and tentatively the Reformation advanced, and how a historically nuanced and informed reading of images transforms our understanding of the culture of the period. Art-Reformed is not simply a fine collection of essays, it conveys all the excitement that pioneering scholarship should provide. Professor Andrew Hadfield, Head of Department, English Department and Director of the Centre for Early Modern Studies, The University of Sussex This book fills a crucial gap in relating religious reform to the visual arts in early modern Britain. It engages with the enduring assumption that in Calvinist Europe the old religious subject matter of painting and the visual arts was proscribed, and that the second generation of reformers in Britain embraced an 'iconophobia' in which images connected with religion were generally avoided and repudiated. The editors have assembled an excellent team of contributors, including some of the foremost established authorities in the field, such as Margaret Aston and Karen Hearn, and younger scholars with important things to say, such as Tara Hamling and Helen Pierce. This is perhaps the most important conclusion to emerge from an excellent collection of essays which will have a considerable impact on the fields of art history and Reformation studies. --Dr Richard Cust, Reader in Early Modern History, Centre for Reformation and Early Modern Studies, University of Birmingham

I believe this book will become a fundamental source of reference for historians and art historians alike. It comprehensively overturns the orthodoxy that religious imagery had no place in English culture from the latter part of the sixteenth century onwards. The book is also of great significance for the ways in which it places developments in England in a European context, with important contributions on the impact of the Reformation on modes of representation in Germany and Poland. Its importance is further demonstrated by the ways in which it offers a series of stimulating reflections on post-Reformation representation in a variety of media, ranging from plasterwork to funeral pageantry, and addresses issues of imagery in relation to text as well as to particular locations. It both effectively surveys the period from 1550 to 1640 and opens up new areas of enquiry for the future. --Dr Susan Foister, National Gallery, London

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