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In recent years the international tea industry has changed dramatically with the closure of the London Terminal Auction in 1998 in favour of auctions at source in both Africa and Asia, and the evolution of a wide range of value added products.
This major new looseleaf provides a guide to the complex and multifaceted tea industry. Never before has there been a single reference containing the entire range of industry information from history through to health. The Tea Industry's comprehensive nature will promote better understanding of the industry for everyone involved throughout the supply chain as well as providing ideal material for those who are new to the industry.
The Tea Industry begins with a review of the history and origins of the trade from its Chinese origins. The author goes on to look at the growing and processing of tea including a detailed country-by-country analysis of world production, consumption, exporting and importing. There are detailed sections on markets, marketing and quality control of tea including a look at auctions, branding and blending of tea. Finally, there is a review of current thinking on tea and health which includes recent research in the area. Overall, The Tea Industry has been developed to provide the most thorough account ever produced of this fascinating industry.
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The history and origins of tea - Oriental origins - Chinese beginnings - Japan - Contact with Europe - The British connection - The East India Company - Indigenous tea in Assam - Ceylon - The etymology of tea
Cultivation - The tea plant - The bush - Jats - Cultivation - Location - Climatic conditions - Soil - Terrain and erosion - Planting - Propagation - Shading - Field spacing - Crop control - Disease - Pesticides - Fertilisers - Weeds - Organic tea - Plucking - Monkey plucking - Hand plucking - Shears - Mechanical harvesting - Weighing - Labour - Pruning - Bringing into bearing - Types of pruning - Pruning cycles - Tipping
Processing - Processing stages - Withering - Rolling - Roll-breaking and green leaf shifting - Fermentation - Firing - At the factory - The factory - Modes of manufacture - Orthodox - CTC - The Legg Cutter - The Lawrie Tea Processor - Restorvane - Processing programmes - Grading - Grades for processing - Grade standardisation - Grade for marketing - Tea types - Tea types - Green tea - Overview - Roasted green tea (the Chinese method) - Steamed tea (Japanese method) - Scalding - Powdered tea - Pickled tea - Yellow tea - Oolong tea - Oolong tea - History - Cultivation - Characteristics - Processing - Season - Markets - Products - Oolong grades - White tea - Black tea - Pu-erh tea
Value added tea - Packing - Brick tea and compressed tea - Bulk packing - Packaging - Teabags - By-products and other uses - Product range - Scented teas - Decaffeination - Instant tea - Canned tea - Iced tea - Speciality tea
World production - Production trends - Historical perspective - Hectarage - Yield - Types of tea - Plantations - The producing countries - Africa - The Americas - Asia - Australasia - Europe
World consumption - Consumption trends - Growth and decline - Black tea dominance - The impact of tea ceremonies - The battle of the beverags - Cultural and commercial spinoffs - Tea compliments - Sugar and sweeteners - Milk, whiteners and lemon - Stocks - The consuming countries - Measuring apparent consumption by weight and cup - Leading consumers - Africa - The Americas - The Middle East - South Asia - South East Asia - The Far East - Australasia - Europe
Export and import - Export and import trends - Trade flow patterns - Tariffs - Re-exports - Transport - Camel caravans - The reliability of road transport - Clipper trade - Shipments form the producers - Palletisation and containerisation - Handling tea on arrival in the UK - Air freight - The exporting countries - Export earnings - Africa - The Americas - Asia - Australasia - The importing countries - Africa - The Americas - The Middle East - Asia - Australasia - Europe
Markets and marketing - Auctions - Major centres - Demise of the London Auction - The rise of private sales - The broker - Procedure - Lots - Musters and sampling - Catalogues - Bidding - Offshore sales - Transactions - Prices - A futures market - Price trends - Supply and demand - Demand - Supply - International Tea Agreement - Marketing - Promotion bodies - Distribution - Branded vs. own label - Mail order - Vending machines - Promotion bodies - Distribution - Branded vs. own label - Mail order - Vending machines - Major players - Tea and tourism - Fair trade
Quality assessment and control - Key considerations - Cultivation - Adulteration - Manufacture - Storage - Tea tasting - Metalanguage - Dry leaf - Liquor - Tea Cream - Water quality - Blending - Historical perspective - Blending principles - Commercial blending - Recipe - Drinking attitudes
Health - The claims - The historical panacea - Tea against cancer - Tea against cardiovascular diseases - Oral health - Slimming - Longevity, ageing and skin rejuvenation - Tea against ulcers - Aid in digestion - The components of tea - Main components of tea - Caffeine - Minerals - Iron - Aluminium - Vitamins - Research into health benefits - The Food and Agriculture Organisation (FOA)About the Author:
Nick Hall is a writer and broadcaster who has had books published on a variety of topics and has also appeared on several programmes for BBC World Service. He is also a lecturer and trainer in English Language.
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