"Civil War Regiments from Maine, 1861-1865," details the histories of the regiments and batteries raised in Maine during the Civil War. Each entry provides the names of the senior officers, number of enlistments, number of deaths in battle and from other causes. The state of Maine enlisted 65,000 men to fight for the Army and l 5,000 for the Navy, raising 32 infantry, 2 cavalry, 1 heavy artillery, and 1 sharpshooter regiments, and 7 light artillery batteries. Many regiments earned fame and glory but none more than the Twentieth Maine Infantry. The Twentieth defended the extreme left of the Union line on Little Round Top during the battle of Gettysburg from a Confederate attack that, if successful, could have swept the entire Union army from the field. Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, author of this volume, served with the Twentieth, rising from Lieutenant Colonel, Colonel, Brigadier General and Brevet Major General. He was wounded six times during the war and had the honor of receiving the first Confederate surrenders at Appomattox Court House. The First Maine Heavy Artillery suffered the highest number of casualties in a single battle when 210 of its rank fell dead or mortally wounded charging Petersburg's defenses. The soldiers from Maine, according Fox's "Regimental Losses", suffered an 18.9% casualty rate, including deaths by disease, the highest percentage of loss for any Union state during the war. Losses in battle were 3,184 and death from disease and other causes were 6,214. Thirteen regiments from Maine are counted among Fox's 300 Fighting Regiments and can be found in "Regimental Losses of the American Civil War" (also available in paperback from eBooksOnDisk.com).
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