Prelude to Revolution 1. Marx as the father of Russian Revolution. The backwardness of Russian political and economic life. The split between Mensheviks and Bolsheviks. Lenin leads Bolsheviks for a revolution as quickly as possible. 2. Turning points. The Winter Palace massacre of 1905. The disaster of WWI. The Czarina falls under Rasputin's influence. The Revolution. 3. The October revolution. Tsar's abdication. The Karensky government. The fatal decision to continue the war. 4. The return of Lenin who seizes power. 5. The Civil War of 1918-1921. Using trains, Trotsky, defeats 5 attacking armies one at a time. End of the Civil War leaves Russia a wasteland with the added toll of the flu pandemic. 6. Post-Revolution. Lenin expects spread of revolution to world. 1921 New Economic Policy is part socialist, part capitalist. Bourgeoisie doesn't trust the government, won't return. Russian Revolution, Part 2 7. Death of Lenin in 1924. Trotsky the logical successor loses out to Stalin. Stalin calls for rapid industrialization and collectivization. Resistance by peasants is crushed. 8. Turning point.. Most Bolsheviks are wiped out in purges and trials. Collectivization makes agriculture a weak point in Russian economy. Motivation behind the non-aggression pact with Germany. Role of industrialization in withstanding Nazi invasion in 1941. Russia fights 80% of the German army, enduring great horror. WWII ends. 9. The Cold War. Motives debatable. Focus on Russian nationalism. 10. Stalin's death in 1953. Stalin's crimes revealed by Krushchev, leads to slight thaw. Achievement of Russian Revolution 11. Cradle to grave benefits. Medical & dental care, housing, higher education free for all but quality is questioned, and restrictions exist in higher education. Creative people are constricted. Consumer atmosphere is stifled. Continued dictatorial Party. End of Communism. What follows.
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