Ultramarine Pigments from Fly Ash: Synthesis, Microscopy, and Modelling

 
9783639151763: Ultramarine Pigments from Fly Ash: Synthesis, Microscopy, and Modelling

Ultramarine pigments have sulphur-based chromophores in an aluminosilicate framework. This book describes the synthesis of ultramarine blue from fly ash (a predominantly aluminosilicate waste product of coal combustion). Microscopy shows that sulphur has a structure-directing effect and facilitates the formation of the zeolite-like structures of ultramarine pigments. The identities of the chromophores are a source of debate and this work contributes to the debate, by modelling several candidate species for the yellow, blue and red species in ultramarine pigments. For sulphur chains with two and three sulphur atoms, the singly charged species are the most stable, supporting the hypothesis that the exothermic transition from green to blue ultramarine is the transformation of the doubly charged species to the singly charged species. [A specotroscopic study leads to the counter-conclusion that the yellow to blue transition is the disulphide to the trisulphide transition.] For the single charged chain with three sulphur atoms the open chain is more stable than the closed triangle. The best candidate for the red ultramarine chromophore is the cis isomer of four sulphur atoms in a chain.

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About the Author:

Andreas A Landman studied at the University of Pretoria and obtained his PhD in Chemistry in 2004. At PFG Building Glass in South Africa he is exposed to glass colour chemistry. His interests are spectroscopy, thermodynamics, statistics and increasingly Theory of Constraints, with some lean production added to the mix. Problem solving!

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Book Description Book Condition: New. Publisher/Verlag: VDM Verlag Dr. Müller | Synthesis, Microscopy, and Modelling | Ultramarine pigments have sulphur-based chromophoresin an aluminosilicate framework. This book describesthe synthesis of ultramarine blue from fly ash (apredominantly aluminosilicate waste product of coalcombustion). Microscopy shows that sulphur has astructure-directing effect and facilitates theformation of the zeolite-like structures ofultramarine pigments. The identities of thechromophores are a source of debate and this workcontributes to the debate, by modelling severalcandidate species for the yellow, blue and redspecies in ultramarine pigments. For sulphur chainswith two and three sulphur atoms, the singly chargedspecies are the most stable, supporting thehypothesis that the exothermic transition from greento blue ultramarine is the transformation of thedoubly charged species to the singly charged species.[A specotroscopic study leads to thecounter-conclusion that the yellow to blue transitionis the disulphide to the trisulphide transition.] Forthe single charged chain with three sulphur atoms theopen chain is more stable than the closed triangle.The best candidate for the red ultramarinechromophore is the cis isomer of four sulphur atomsin a chain. | Format: Paperback | Language/Sprache: english | 203 gr | 144 pp. Bookseller Inventory # K9783639151763

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Book Description VDM Verlag Jun 2009, 2009. Taschenbuch. Book Condition: Neu. Neuware - Ultramarine pigments have sulphur-based chromophores in an aluminosilicate framework. This book describes the synthesis of ultramarine blue from fly ash (a predominantly aluminosilicate waste product of coal combustion). Microscopy shows that sulphur has a structure-directing effect and facilitates the formation of the zeolite-like structures of ultramarine pigments. The identities of the chromophores are a source of debate and this work contributes to the debate, by modelling several candidate species for the yellow, blue and red species in ultramarine pigments. For sulphur chains with two and three sulphur atoms, the singly charged species are the most stable, supporting the hypothesis that the exothermic transition from green to blue ultramarine is the transformation of the doubly charged species to the singly charged species. [A specotroscopic study leads to the counter-conclusion that the yellow to blue transition is the disulphide to the trisulphide transition.] For the single charged chain with three sulphur atoms the open chain is more stable than the closed triangle. The best candidate for the red ultramarine chromophore is the cis isomer of four sulphur atoms in a chain. 144 pp. Englisch. Bookseller Inventory # 9783639151763

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Book Description VDM Verlag Jun 2009, 2009. Taschenbuch. Book Condition: Neu. Neuware - Ultramarine pigments have sulphur-based chromophores in an aluminosilicate framework. This book describes the synthesis of ultramarine blue from fly ash (a predominantly aluminosilicate waste product of coal combustion). Microscopy shows that sulphur has a structure-directing effect and facilitates the formation of the zeolite-like structures of ultramarine pigments. The identities of the chromophores are a source of debate and this work contributes to the debate, by modelling several candidate species for the yellow, blue and red species in ultramarine pigments. For sulphur chains with two and three sulphur atoms, the singly charged species are the most stable, supporting the hypothesis that the exothermic transition from green to blue ultramarine is the transformation of the doubly charged species to the singly charged species. [A specotroscopic study leads to the counter-conclusion that the yellow to blue transition is the disulphide to the trisulphide transition.] For the single charged chain with three sulphur atoms the open chain is more stable than the closed triangle. The best candidate for the red ultramarine chromophore is the cis isomer of four sulphur atoms in a chain. 144 pp. Englisch. Bookseller Inventory # 9783639151763

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Book Description VDM Verlag Jun 2009, 2009. Taschenbuch. Book Condition: Neu. This item is printed on demand - Print on Demand Neuware - Ultramarine pigments have sulphur-based chromophores 144 pp. Englisch. Bookseller Inventory # 9783639151763

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