A First Course in Topos Quantum Theory (Lecture Notes in Physics) (Volume 868)

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9783642357121: A First Course in Topos Quantum Theory (Lecture Notes in Physics) (Volume 868)

In the last five decades various attempts to formulate theories of quantum gravity have been made, but none has fully succeeded in becoming the quantum theory of gravity. One possible explanation for this failure might be the unresolved fundamental issues in quantum theory as it stands now. Indeed, most approaches to quantum gravity adopt standard quantum theory as their starting point, with the hope that the theory’s unresolved issues will get solved along the way. However, these fundamental issues may need to be solved before attempting to define a quantum theory of gravity.

The present text adopts this point of view, addressing the following basic questions:  What are the main conceptual issues in quantum theory? How can these issues be solved within a new theoretical framework of quantum theory?

A possible way to overcome critical issues in present-day quantum physics – such as a priori assumptions about space and time that are not compatible with a theory of quantum gravity, and the impossibility of talking about systems without reference to an external observer – is through a reformulation of quantum theory in terms of a different mathematical framework called topos theory.

This course-tested primer sets out to explain to graduate students and newcomers to the field alike, the reasons for choosing topos theory to resolve the above-mentioned issues and how it brings quantum physics back to looking more like a “neo-realist” classical physics theory again.

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“This text presents a reformulation of quantum theory in terms of modern mathematical framework called topos theory. ... This is one of the first text to address all of these aspects of topos quantum theory at the graduate student level.” (S. Moskaliuk, zbMATH, Vol. 1280, 2014)

“The book is self-contained and can be used as a textbook or self-study manual teaching the usage of category theory and topos theory in particular in theoretical physics or in investigating the foundations of quantum theory in mathematically rigorous terms. ... the book is a very welcome contribution.” (Frank Antonsen, Mathematical Reviews, December, 2013)

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Book Description Book Condition: New. Publisher/Verlag: Springer, Berlin | This book explains to graduate students and newcomers to the field how topos theory can be used to overcome critical issues in present-day quantum physics and how it brings quantum physics back to looking more like a neo-realist classical physics theory again. | In the last five decades various attempts to formulate theories of quantum gravity have been made, but none has fully succeeded in becoming the quantum theory of gravity. One possible explanation for this failure might be the unresolved fundamental issues in quantum theory as it stands now. Indeed, most approaches to quantum gravity adopt standard quantum theory as their starting point, with the hope that the theory's unresolved issues will get solved along the way. However, these fundamental issues may need to be solved before attempting to define a quantum theory of gravity.The present text adopts this point of view, addressing the following basic questions: What are the main conceptual issues in quantum theory? How can these issues be solved within a new theoretical framework of quantum theory?A possible way to overcome critical issues in present-day quantum physics - such as a priori assumptions about space and time that are not compatible with a theory of quantum gravity, and the impossibility of talking about systems without reference to an external observer - is through a reformulation of quantum theory in terms of a different mathematical framework called topos theory.This course-tested primer sets out to explain to graduate students and newcomers to the field alike, the reasons for choosing topos theory to resolve the above-mentioned issues and how it brings quantum physics back to looking more like a "neo-realist" classical physics theory again. | Introduction.- Philosophical Motivations.- Kochen-Specker Theorem.- Introducing Category Theory.- Functors.- The Category of Functors.- Topos.- Topos of Presheaves.- Topos Analogue of the State Space.- Topos Analogue of Propositions.- Topos Analogues of States.- Truth Values.- Quantity Value Object and Physical Quantities.- Sheaves.- Probabilities in Topos Quantum theory.- Group Action in Topos Quantum Theory.- Topos History Quantum Theory.- Normal Operators.- KMS States.- Future Research.- Topos and Logic.- Worked out Examples. | Format: Paperback | Language/Sprache: english | 690 gr | 241x155x25 mm | 449 pp. Bookseller Inventory # K9783642357121

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