Fundamentals of Physical Geology (Springer Geology)

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9788132215387: Fundamentals of Physical Geology (Springer Geology)

Physical Geology is a vast subject and it is not possible to cover all aspects in one book. This book does not invent the wheel but merely put together sets of updated but concise material on Physical Geology with lots of illustrations. All illustrations are created by hand and give a real classroom feel to the book. Students or readers can easily reproduce them by hand. This is a book, where a diagram says it all. The book is divided into four parts. The first part “The Solar System and Cosmic Bodies” deals with elements of our Solar System and the cosmic bodies around it (like meteorites, asteroids, etc.). The second part “The Earth Materials” deals with Earth and its internal structure. The third part “The Hydrologic System” is more exhaustive and deals with the hydrological system of the Earth including Weathering and Mass Wasting, Streams, Groundwater, Karst, Glaciers, Oceans and Aeolian Processes and Landforms. The fourth and the final part “The Tectonic System” deals with different aspects of Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes.

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About the Author:

Dr. Sreepat Jain has 12 years of teaching and over two decades of research experience. Dr. Jain has two doctorates - one from India (on Middle Jurassic Ammonites) and the other from United States (on Neogene Benthic Foraminifers). He completed his second Ph.D. from the Department of Earth Sciences, Florida International University, USA in 2006 where he was also awarded the ”TA Excellence in Teaching” for meritorious teaching. During 2007-2008, he joined Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA for his Postdoctoral Fellowship (top ranked among 84 global candidates). In 2013, he was awarded the “Prof. S. K. Singh Memorial Gold Medal” of The Paleontological Society of India for the best paper in PSI Journal for 2012. His areas of research include Micropaleontology - Jurassic Foraminifers and Nannofossils; Macropaleontology - Jurassic Ammonites; Paleoecology - Trace Fossils and Paleoenvironment. He has published more than 35 articles in International peer-reviewed journals and conference proceedings. Dr. Jain has also authored a book with Lap Lambert Academic Publishing Gmbh & Co. KG, Germany (Changes in Late Neogene Caribbean Benthic Foraminifers: Paleoproductivity, Diversity and Test Size). He is also a reviewer for several paleontology journals.

Review:

Book review published in Zentralblatt für Geologie und Paläontologie, Teil II Jg. 2014 Heft 5-6


Fundamental geological knowledge is summarized in many books, textbooks, and reference volumes. However, it is so vast that each new attempt of its synthesis will not result in replication. Such an attempt was made by JAIN, and undoubtedly, his informative and nice book will attract many readers.

The reviewed book consists of 16 chapters gathered into four large parts. Generally, the author focuses on the surficial and internal dynamics of the planet. He starts with an introduction, where the principal branches of geology (structural geology, sedimentology, geochemistry, etc.) are explained briefly. Note that stratigraphy and palaeontology are understood as constituents of historical geology. The first part presents the knowledge about the Solar System and various cosmic bodies. The second part describes the state of the Earth as a planet, its structure and composition. The chapter about the geologic time scale is also included into this part. Importantly, JAIN refers to the chronostratigraphical developments of the International Commission on Stratigraphy and indicates its official web-page. It is advised to the readers to look at this page for updates of the geologic time scale, which has been changed a bit after writing this book (and, probably, even after writing this review). The third part is entitled The Hydrologic System. In fact, the entire surficial dynamics of the Earth is described there. Not the only geological activity of rivers, seas, and glaciers is considered in this part, but also weathering and mass wasting, karst phenomena, and aeolian processes. The fourth part deals with tectonic processes. Special chapters are reserved there to tell about seismicity and volcanism.

What are the principal distinctive features of JAIN’s book? In the reviewer’s opinion, these are three. Firstly, the book synthesizes the “classical” geological knowledge. The author emphasizes on those pieces of knowledge that are well- proven and that are essential for learning geology. Of course, this does not mean the modern research achievements are totally omitted. Secondly, the subjects are treated with attention to details, which makes this book very rich. Look at these examples. Speaking about karst, JAIN indicates such epikarst forms as grikes and kamenitzas, which are rarely discussed in the professional literature (RuBAN 2013). In the other place, he informs about such specific aeolian features as zeugen and yardang. Characterizing volcanism, the author devotes a special sub- chapter (16.14) to the volcanic explosivity index and relates it to various eruptive parameters (Table 16.20, p. 408). Thirdly, the both content and organization of this book reflects the author’s personal vision of the planetary dynamics. JAIN chose subjects to emphasize at his own discretion. For instance, there are no chapters that deal specifically with metamorphism or geological activity of organisms, although the relevant knowledge is supplied here and there. In contrast, there are very informative chapters on groundwater and earthquakes, which will be appreciated by many readers.

The author’s manner of writing is appropriate. It is characterized by both simplicity (without any oversimplification) and brevity (without unnecessary shortcuts). The book is split into numerous tiny little divisions (some of them occupy only a few lines). Although the multi-order structure requires attention from the readers, it also permits to perceive the complex knowledge correctly and to find the necessary information rapidly. The peculiar organization of this book makes it looking like a reference volume or dictionary, but, in fact, it does not limit its utility as a good tool for learning geology. The text bears the both theory and examples. The key terms are capitalized in the text (the reviewer would prefer to see them given in italics or highlighted in bold). Some principal literature sources are indicated in the end of the chapters. These include both modern and old publications, which is well suitable to a synthesis of the “classical” knowledge. The cited literature are chiefly books, but there are also citations to professional journal articles. Seeing the latter will be helpful to the beginners in geology. Illustrations are numerous, accurate, and large enough. The book ends with the detailed and useful glossary and the subject index. Well, JAIN is the author who cares about the readers of his book.

JAIN’s book will be helpful to undergraduate students as an advanced/supplementary reading on the introductory course(s) in general geology and also as a reference volume. Taking into account the richness of information, students of higher grades and professionals will also appreciate it. Additionally, the reviewer tends to recommend this book strongly to geology/nature amateurs and secondary school teachers in geography.


References

Ruban, D.A. (2012): Little attention to grikes and kamenitzas: a survey of karst research publications of two past decades. – Natura Nascosta, 46: 9–21; Montfalcone.


DMITRY A. RuBAN, Rostov am Don


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