Just after midnight on December 20, 1989 the U.S. launched a massive attack on the tiny Republic of Panama or, more correctly, on her dictator, Gen. Manuel Antonio Noriega and his army. The story of the invasion and the events leading up to it is laced with international intrigue, dirty deeds, abuse of power, Latin American political strife; and has a cast of characters even featuring a Brazilian witch who escaped from the clutches of U.S. soldiers.
This book is a factual and pictorial account of events which, had they been presented in the form of a novel, would scarcely have been believable. In order to understand why the U.S.A. invaded Panama's sovereign territory, causing severe loss of life and risking international censure, it is necessary to trace Panama's history from the Republic in 1903. It is clear that Uncle Sam, apart from an undeniable responsibility for paternity, has always maintained his role of disciplinarian over the problematic republic.
Uncle Sam was negligent in recent years, however, and had allowed his own secret agent, Manuel Noriega to rise to dictatorship of Panama. Using his army, the Panama Defense Forces, beefed up by U.S. funds, and backed by corrupt local politicians, Noriega browbeat his opposition and thumbed his nose at the U.S., finally instructing his compliant assembly to declare itself at war with the U.S.A.
The U.S. responded in a dramatic fashion and achieved all their objectives, including the hide of General Noriega who has been tried and convicted in Florida on drug trafficking charges.
U.S. soldiers probing Noriega's military lairs and opulent homes uncovered illuminating facets of his character, his megalomania and his predilection for the dark forces of the occult.
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This book is a work of journalism, not sholarship. It is intended as a record and a souvenir of the most traumatic event in the history of the relatively young nation of Panama. Apart from recounting the story of the attack and the events leading up to that fateful day, December 20th, 1989 when the United States threw the crushing weight of its armed forces into the Republic in a fierce assault on the army of General Manuel Antonio Noriega, the book is a brief history of the republic with specific reference to the role that the U.S.A. has always played.
There will be many other books by authors far more competent to make judgements about the invasion on Panama. The information available about the attack itself is scarce. The U.S. Southern Command had version of its activities available at the time of going to press. Perhaps it will feel itself accountable in due course and declassify its after-action reports sufficiently for the public to have a record. On the Panamanian side, the Panama Defense Forces cannot speak, for they had ceased to exist by dawn of Day One of the invasion. Its ex-members, all but a reported 400 of whom survived, do not give a very coherent account. Civilians stayed in their homes and watched what network television could show them of the war.
The photographs have been selected from thousands submitted by amateurs and professionals in Panama and from international picture agencies representing the work of foreign photo-journalists who covered the war and its aftermath.
About the invasion of their sovereign territory, no Panamanian feels happy but most feel that it was the lesser of two evils - ridding Panama of a tyrant and a despotic regime was a job that had to be done and apparently could not be done by Panamanians alone. One of the intentions of this book is to show the Panamanian struggle which the Americans finished off.
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Book Description Focus Publications (Int), S.A., 1990. Book Condition: Good. Ships from Reno, NV. Shows some signs of wear, and may have some markings on the inside. Bookseller Inventory # GRP92156025
Book Description Focus Publications (Int), S.A., 1990. Book Condition: Very Good. Great condition for a used book! Minimal wear. Bookseller Inventory # GRP97148735
Book Description Focus Publications (Int), S.A. Library Binding. Book Condition: VERY GOOD. Light rubbing wear to cover, spine and page edges. Very minimal writing or notations in margins not affecting the text. Possible clean ex-library copy, with their stickers and or stamp(s). Bookseller Inventory # 2825103842