It is a fact that in Indian subcontinent (like other areas of the world today) most of the Tasawwuf had become a potpourri of ritualistic traditions and cultural customs of singing, dancing, recitation of litanies & specific ways of remebrance (zikr), celebration of annual anniversaries and a business of charms/amulets (ruqya/taweez), etc. The reality of Tasawwuf, that is to rectify one's inner morals characteristics so that eventually the outer forms of worships are also performed correctly, and a very strong relationship with Allah is developed had been eclipsed. Allah bestowed Hakim al-Umma Thanawi with a very clear and deep understanding of Islam. In addition to providing services in other branches of faith he revived and renewed the teachings of Tasawwuf. (That is the reason for calling him the Mujaddid of this century.) Hakim all-Umma was a very organized person and had extremely systematic approach for those approaching him for their spiritual training (tarbiyat/islah). For this he had set rules and regulations. One of the rules was that all the discussion regarding this tarbiyah will be in writing. 'Tarbiyat us Salik' is the compilation from these letters of disciples along with the reply of Mawlana Ashraf Ali Thanawi. They were selected by Hazrat ra himself and arranged in the specific manner described below. The first two parts were published while Hazrat ra was alive. The third part was published by Mawlana Khair Mohammad Jahlinderi ra (his senior khalifa, founder of Khairul Madaris, Multan) after Hazrat ra's demise.
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