The "Adoniram"collection was formed by a Swiss collector during a period of over twenty years. All items have no exact provenance and were purchased from several dealers in England, Switzerland, United States and the Middle East. -The collection include 29 inscribed items: two bronze arrowheads, twenty two stone seals, two gold pendants and three bronze weights. -They cover a period of seven hundred years, from the 11th century through 5th century B.C.E. -The arrowheads are Phoenician of the 11th century B.C.E. and bear a possessive inscription indicating ownership. The exact purpose of marking ownership on arrowheads and the use of such arrows are still obscure; several suggestions have been made: 1) They served in hunting to indicate who made the killing, 2) They may have been used in competitions, 3) Served as objects of belomancy, i.e., they were used for divination or drawing of lots by means of arrows, a widespread practice in antiquity, 4) They are votive and were offered with a prayer before a battle, or with thanks afterwards, 5) Simply to indicate ownership on the weapon as it was a valuable property. The twenty two seals are divided into six groups: 1) Two Israelite Hebrew seals, 2) Three Judean Hebrew seals, 3) Two Phoenician seals (one Phoenician/Punic), 4) Thirteen Aramaic seals (one Aramaic or Hebrew), 5) An Ammonite seal, 6) A Greek seal. The majority are of West Semitic origin and date from the 8th through the 6th century B.C.E. while one is archaic Greek from the 5th century B.C.E. These were personal seals used mainly to seal papyrus documents. The seals are inscribed and indicate ownership. Two Phoenician-Punic gold pendants, one rectangular and the second round, are inscribed in Punic and are probably from Carthage. The three bronze weights are marked with Aramaic inscriptions indicating the value of the weights. The style and language point toward a provenance in the kingdom of Hamath in Syria. The collection is of historical value and makes an important contribution to our knowledge of the past. This is also the main reason for the family collecting ancient inscribed material. Bookseller Inventory #
From the Author: The collection include 29 inscribed items: two bronze arrowheads, twenty two stone seals, two gold pendants and three bronze weights.
Title: Adoniram Collection of West Semitic
Publisher: Archaeological Center -Tel Aviv
Book Condition: New
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