Octavo. XXV, , 117, pp. Decorative paper covered boards with handwritten title label laid on spine. Original printed wrappers bound in. From the library of Giorgio Vida. First German translation of the 35th book of Al-Ghazâlî's "Ihyâ' 'ulûm al-dîn" (The Revival of the Religious Sciences). Al-Ghazâlî (c.1056-1111) was one of the most prominent and influential philosophers, theologians, jurists, and mystics of Sunni Islam. He was active at a time when Sunni theology had just passed through its consolidation and entered a period of intense challenges from Shiite Ismâ'îlite theology and the Arabic tradition of Aristotelian philosophy (falsafa). "Ihyâ' 'ulûm al-dîn" is regarded by most Muslim scholars as his major work. It is a comprehensive guide to ethical behavior in the everyday life of Muslims. It is divided into four sections, each containing ten books. The first section deals with ritual practices ('ibâdât), the second with social customs ('âdât), the third with those things that lead to perdition (muhlikât) and hence should be avoided, and the fourth with those that lead to salvation (munjiyât) and should be sought. In the forty books of the Revival al-Ghazâlî severely criticizes the coveting of worldly matters and reminds his readers that human life is a path towards Judgment Day and the reward or punishment gained through it. Compared with the eternity of the next life, this life is almost insignificant, yet it seals our fate in the world to come. Al-Ghazâlî addresses in his Revival important philosophical problems related to human actions. In the 35th book on "Kitâb al-Tawhîd wa-l-tawakkul" (Belief in Divine Unity and Trust in God) the author discusses the relationship between human actions and God's omnipotence as creator of the world. In this and other books of the Revival al-Ghazâlî teaches a strictly determinist position with regard to events in the universe. God creates and determines everything, including the actions of humans. God is the only "agent" or the only "efficient cause" (fâ'il, the Arabic term means both) in the world. Every event in creation follows a pre-determined plan that is eternally present in God's knowledge. God's knowledge exists in a timeless realm and does not contain individual "cognitions" ('ulûm) like human knowledge does. God's knowledge does not change, for instance, when its object, the world, changes. While the events that are contained in God's knowledge are ordered in "before" and "after", there is no past, present, and future. God's knowledge contains the first moment of creation just as the last, and He knows "in His eternity," for instance, whether a certain individual will end up in paradise or hell (Griffel 2009, 175-213). Spine slightly age-toned. Ex-library stamp on inside of covers and front free endpaper. Wrappers sunned along edges. Text in German. Binding in overall good+, interior in good+ to very good condition. Bookseller Inventory #
Title: Al-Gazzâlî's Buch vom Gottvertrauen. Das 35....
Publisher: Max Niemeyer
Publication Date: 1940
Book Condition: g+ to vg
Edition: First edition.
Book Description Halle / Saale, Niemeyer 1940., 1940. Condition: Gut. 117 S. Einband fehlt vollständig. Fadenheftung gelockert, jedoch nicht gelöst. Papier altersbedingt gebräunt. Insgesamt ordentlich erhalten. DER BAND STAMMT AUS DER PRIVATBIBLIOTHEK DES THEOLOGEN ERICH PRZYWARA UND TRÄGT DESSEN BESITZERSTEMPEL AUF DEM TITELBLATT! Sprache: Deutsch Gewicht in Gramm: 1200. Seller Inventory # 63172