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Alchemiae Gebri Arabis philosophi solertissimi, Libri cum ReliquisBound with:Geber [JABIR ibn HAYYAN] (13th c.); Braccesco, Giovanni (1494 ?after 1561); Pseudo-Llull, Ramon (?1232-1316) De Alchemia Dialogi II. Quorum prior, Genuinam libroru[u] Gebri sententiam, de industria ab authore celatam, & figurato sermone inuolutam retegit, & certis argumentis probat ; Alter Raimundi Lullij Maioricani, Mysteria in lucem producit ; Quibus praemittuntur propositiones centum uiginti nouem, idem argumentum compendiosa brevitate complectentes.Nuremberg: Johann Petreius, 1548

Geber [JABIR ibn HAYYAN] (13th c.)

Published by Mathias Apiarius (Biener) for Johann Petreius,, Bern:, 1545
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Quarto: I. [16], 302, [2] p. aa-bb4, a-z4, A-P4. II. [127] p. A-Q4 The Main Chemical Textbooks of Medieval EuropeWith the Oldest Known Bookplate of a German Pharmacist I. ?Alchemiae Libri? (1545) Second edition of this extremely important and early collection of alchemical writings. The identity of Geber with the eighth-century alchemist Jabir ibn Hayyan is still a matter of dispute. ?Even on the slender basis of our present knowledge, Jabir appears already as a very great personality, one of the greatest in mediaeval science.??Sarton, I, p. 532. Certainly, De Alchimia and the other works of the Geber corpus were of the greatest influence on Western chemistry, and ?whether they be translations or elaborations, they represent the amount of Arabic chemical knowledge made available to Latin reading people toward the end of the thirteenth century?they represent the best Latin knowledge on chemistry in that period.??Sarton, II, p. 1044. The present collection contains four treatises by Geber/Jabir ibn Hayyan: 1. Summa perfectionis. 2. Liber de investigatione perfectionis (the earliest description of the preparation of nitric acid and aqua regia). 3. Liber de inventione veritatis sive perfectionis. 4. Liber fornacum (a practical text on chemical operations). ?We find in them remarkably sound views on methods of chemical research; a theory on the geologic formation of metals; the so-called sulphur-mercury theory of metals (the six metals differ essentially because of different proportions of sulphur and mercury in them); preparation of various substances (e.g., basic lead carbonate; arsenic and antimony from their sulphides). Jabir deals also with various applications, e.g., refinement of metals, preparation of steel, dyeing of cloth and leather, varnishes to water-proof cloth and protect iron, use of manganese dioxide in glass-making, use of iron pyrites for writing in gold, distillation of vinegar to concentrate acetic acid. He observed the imponderability of magnetic force.??Sarton, I, p. 532. This collection also contains the following texts of which at least four are printed for the first time: 5. Roger Bacon?s Speculum Alchemiae. 6. Richard of Wendover?s Correctorium Alchemiae. 7. Rosarius minor, de Alchemia by an unknown author. 8. Khalid ibn Yazid?s Liber Secretorum Alchemiae. 9. Hermes Trismegistus? Tabula Smaragdina. 10. Hortolanus? commentary on the Tabula Smaragdina.A contemporary note in a copy of the 1545 ed. once offered for sale by E.P. Goldschimdt (Cat. 165, item 19) stated that the manuscript used by the printer Petri for this edition came from the library of Conrad Gesner. D.S.B., VII, p. 42?His ?importance for the history not only of alchemy but also of science in general, and for the intellectual history of Islam, has by no means been sufficiently examined??(& see the full article for more on his individual writings). Duveen, p. 11??one of the most valuable early collections of texts.? Ferguson, I, p. 301?(not in Young collection). Darmstaedter used this edition to prepare his Die Alchemie des Geber (1922).II. ?De Alchemia Dialogi II? (1548)This is the first combined edition of these two texts, both translated from the Italian by Guglielmo Grataroli. The prefatory "propositiones" are headed: ?Expositio librorum Gebri et Raimundi [Lulli]? The first dialogue, written by the Brescian Giovanni Braccesco, ?Dialogus primus, veram et genuinam librorum Gebri sententiam explicans, Demogorgon Geber? (p. [11-112]) was first published in Venice in 1544 under title ?La Espositione di Geber Philosopho? The second work, ?Lignum Vitae, Demogorgon Rymundus? (p. [113-127]) was first published in Rome in 1542 under title: "Il legno della vità? Although various components of these works are ascribed to Raymond Llull, ?The ascription is improbable." (Mellon)?The printer, Petreius, in a note to the reader, alludes to his recent editions of Geber and Llull, whose hidden secrets these dialogues will now disclose? The leading idea of Bra. Bookseller Inventory # 3054D

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Title: Alchemiae Gebri Arabis philosophi ...

Publisher: Mathias Apiarius (Biener) for Johann Petreius,, Bern:

Publication Date: 1545

Binding: Hardcover

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