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Argon, a New Constituent of the Atmosphere.

STRUTT, John, third Baron Rayleigh (1842-1919) & William RAMSAY (1852-1916).

Published by Smithsonian Institution, 1896., City of Washington:, 1896
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Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge. 1033. 4to. (321 x 240 mm) [4], 43 pp. 5 text figs. Original gilt- and blind-stamped green cloth. Bookplate of Andras Gedeon. Fine. FIRST AMERICAN EDITION OF THE DISCOVERY OF ARGON. Argon was the first of the inert gases to be discovered and both Rayleigh and Ramsay claimed to be the first to identify it, eventually agreeing to submit a joint paper. It was largely a result of this work that won Rayleigh the Nobel Prize for Physics and Ramsay the prize for chemistry in 1904. Ramsay later went on to identify and isolate helium, krypton, neon and xenon. "Rayleigh and Ramsey [sic] had noted that nitrogen obtained from the air had a density greater than that of nitrogen liberated from its compounds by about one-half percent. This led to the isolation of the first of the inert gases which they called argon. In the following year Ramsay found another, helium, in the mineral clevite, altho this had been noted in the sun's spectrum by Lockyar [sic] in 1868. In four years, 1894-8, five new gases, including neon, krypton and xenon had been discovered. These form a distinct group in the periodic table; all have zero valency." [Dibner]. A revised version of this work had been published in the Philosophical Transactions a year earlier ("a curious instance of a revision appearing before the original work"). [Norman]. Dibner, Heralds of science 50; DSB Vol. XIII, pp. 100-103; Norman 2029. Bookseller Inventory # S9543

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Bibliographic Details

Title: Argon, a New Constituent of the Atmosphere.

Publisher: Smithsonian Institution, 1896., City of Washington:

Publication Date: 1896

Binding: Hardcover

Edition: 1st Edition

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