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Aspects of Homogeneous Catalysis: Vol. IV

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ISBN 10: 9400983735 / ISBN 13: 9789400983731
Published by Springer
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212 pages. Dimensions: 9.6in. x 6.7in. x 0.5in.Another approach is via the peracid route 10, Il, whereby propylene is epoxidized by an organic peracid, usually peracetic acid. The latter is prepared either by reaction of acetic acid with hydrogen peroxide, or by autoxidation of acetaldehyde. - (3) - (4) ---I. . . . MeC0 H MeCHO 02 3 . (5) MeC0 H MeCHCH ---I . . . . MeCH-CH MeC0 H 3 2 2 2 Although this method has been extensively studied 10, II and is often the method of choice for laboratory scale preparations of epoxides, it has not been widely applied on a commercial scale. The reasons are probably to be found in the hazards associated with the handling of these explosive and corrosive peracids on an industrial scale. Nevertheless, several companies continue to groom this method for future commercialization 12. With organic hydroperoxides becoming available as commercial chemicals, in the last decade propylene oxide process technology has seen the commercializa tion of the hydroperoxide route. Such a process, developed by Halcon Interna tional and Atlantic Richfield, is that often referred to as the Halcon or Oxirane process 13. It involves the reaction of propylene with an alkyl hydroperoxide in the presence of a soluble, metal catalyst (usually a molybdenum compound). The alkyl hydroperoxide is prepared by autoxidation of an appropriate hydro carbon. For example, tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) is prepared by autoxida tion of isobutane. (6) Reaction with propylene gives propylene oxide and tert-butanol as a coproduct. This item ships from multiple locations. Your book may arrive from Roseburg,OR, La Vergne,TN. Bookseller Inventory # 9789400983731

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Bibliographic Details

Title: Aspects of Homogeneous Catalysis: Vol. IV

Publisher: Springer

Binding: Paperback

Book Condition:New

Book Type: Paperback

About this title

Synopsis:

Another approach is via the peracid route [10,Il], whereby propylene is epoxidized by an organic peracid, usually peracetic acid. The latter is prepared either by reaction of acetic acid with hydrogen peroxide, or by autoxidation of acetaldehyde. - (3) - (4) ---I.... MeC0 H MeCHO +02 3 /'\. ° (5) MeC0 H + MeCH=CH ---I .... MeCH-CH + MeC0 H 3 2 2 2 Although this method has been extensively studied [10, II] and is often the method of choice for laboratory scale preparations of epoxides, it has not been widely applied on a commercial scale. The reasons are probably to be found in the hazards associated with the handling of these explosive and corrosive peracids on an industrial scale. Nevertheless, several companies continue to groom this method for future commercialization [12]. With organic hydroperoxides becoming available as commercial chemicals, in the last decade propylene oxide process technology has seen the commercializa­ tion of the hydroperoxide route. Such a process, developed by Halcon Interna­ tional and Atlantic Richfield, is that often referred to as the Halcon or Oxirane process [13]. It involves the reaction of propylene with an alkyl hydroperoxide in the presence of a soluble, metal catalyst (usually a molybdenum compound). The alkyl hydroperoxide is prepared by autoxidation of an appropriate hydro­ carbon. For example, tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) is prepared by autoxida­ tion of isobutane. (6) Reaction with propylene gives propylene oxide and tert-butanol as a coproduct.

Review:

This volume is a very useful addition to the literature of homogeneous catalysis by transition metals/complexes and is especially useful for those interested in advanced research and development work in this area. It is bound to be appreciated by graduate students and teachers in the fields of synthetic and mechanistic organic chemistry.' Indian Journal of Chemistry (December 1985)

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