Book has appearance of only minimal use. All pages are undamaged with no significant creases or tears. Bookseller Inventory #
Synopsis: A classic text in social work education, Case Critical opens the door on Canada's social services from the perspective of social workers themselves, and service users or "cases", people whose voices we rarely hear.
This completely revised and updated fifth edition includes new interviews and topics of discussion to reinforce Carniol's passionate case for social work as "liberation practice."
From the Author:
"Despite numerous examples of effective social services, today in Canada, they are in the minority."
in conversation with Anita Levin, January 2005
ANITA LEVIN: You use the term "illegitimate privilege" in the book. Can you explain what you mean by this term and how it impedes the attainment of social justice?
BEN CARNIOL: First of all, let's look at the term "privilege" and what that means generally. There's a double meaning because, on the one hand, the word privilege is used in a very positive way. "It's a privilege to know you." "It's a privilege being here." On the other hand, "privilege" is also used to identify benefits that certain groups of people have in our society. Those benefits are generally seen as normal and natural and quite legitimate. Yes, we see there are privileged people, and we figure they have an entitlement to those privileges. They either work hard or there are other rationales for seeing those privileges as credible and legitimate. When I use the term "illegitimate privilege," it is to point to the fact that, very often, what is submerged or hidden is that these benefits accrue because of an underlying injustice--an unjustifiable inequality of power between two different groups of people.
For example, historically, we know that women had far fewer rights than men. Men were the privileged, and if we look at the literature, it is clear that the majority culture saw the privileges of males as perfectly normal and natural and credible. They were conditioned not to recognize the huge power inequality between the two and that such power inequality was fundamentally unjust. We can look back at history and say "Why couldn't they see what is so obvious to us today?" It is because we have the benefit of that history. Unfortunately, today we have the same kind of situation. A number of years in the future, people will look back at our era and ask the question "Why didn't we see the unfairness that people had privileges based upon the colour of their skin or class or sexual orientation?
There are a whole series of identities that generate patterns of inequalities: based for example, on gender, colour, class, and sexual orientation. These patterns of inequalities give privileges to one group at the expense of another. That's what is meant by illegitimate privilege. The people who gain the privileges learn to view themselves as "superior" in one way or another in order to justify the privileges, not only to themselves but also to the people who don't have those privileges. Those who don't have those privileges come to accept that condition because they often internalize the prejudices against them.
Take the example of class privilege. People justify the accumulation of great amounts of wealth by stressing how hard they work or how many jobs they create for others. There are many rationales. But there are also prejudices. If you are at the opposite end of the socio-economic stratification--if you are very poor--then you are blamed for your poverty. This prejudice has been called "poor-bashing." As part of this prejudice, we say: "The poor are lazy and irresponsible. They're poor because they're not trying hard enough to pull themselves up by their own bootstraps. Look at all these social programs and social services we have for them and they're still poor. That shows that there is something wrong with them." So we get into the habit of blaming, rather than recognizing the barriers faced by people living in poverty.
AL: What do you see as the most significant barriers to effective social work practice?
BC: One of the biggest barriers is lack of resources. In recent decades there's been very wide public support led by politicians and corporate leaders for tax cuts. An inevitable result from tax cuts has been fewer resources to finance our public schools, hospitals, and social programs. Unfortunately, social services have been hit extremely hard, in fact harder than the other sectors of public spending. So when you have social workers in a number of agencies faced with growing caseloads and people with greater hardship, we're expected to do more with less, and it's basically "mission impossible."
We are told that tax cuts will create a healthy economy and that everyone will benefit, but I believe this to be a faulty analysis demonstrated by evidence of who really benefits from tax cuts. Yet this evidence is obscured by the illegitimate
Title: Case Critical : Social Services and Social ...
Publisher: Between the Lines
Book Condition: Very Good
Book Description Between the Lines. Paperback. Condition: VERY GOOD. Light rubbing wear to cover, spine and page edges. Very minimal writing or notations in margins not affecting the text. Possible clean ex-library copy, with their stickers and or stamp(s). Seller Inventory # 2856329066
Book Description Between the Lines. Paperback. Condition: VERY GOOD. Light rubbing wear to cover, spine and page edges. Very minimal writing or notations in margins not affecting the text. Possible clean ex-library copy, with their stickers and or stamp(s). Seller Inventory # 2865310381
Book Description Between the Lines. Paperback. Condition: Good. Only lightly used. Book has minimal wear to cover and binding. A few pages may have small creases and minimal underlining. Seller Inventory # G1896357946I3N00
Book Description Between the Lines. Paperback. Condition: Good. Light shelf wear and minimal interior marks. Seller Inventory # G1896357946I3N00
Book Description Between the Lines, 2005. Paperback. Condition: Used: Good. Seller Inventory # SONG1896357946
Book Description Between the Lines, 2005. Paperback. Condition: Very Good. 1896357946. Seller Inventory # IM190983