Clave Historial, con que se abre la puerta a la historia eclesiastica, y politica, chronologia de los Papas, y Emperadores, Reyes de España, Italia y Francia, con los origenes de todas las Monarquias. Concilios, Hereges, Santos, escritores y sucesos memorables de cada Siglo. Novena Edicion.

FLOREZ, Henrique.

Published by Madrid, En la Imprenta de D. Antonio de Sancha, 1776., 1776
From Richard C. Ramer Old and Rare Books (New York, NY, U.S.A.)

AbeBooks Seller Since February 12, 2001

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4°, contemporary vellum (shaken), horizontal manuscript author and title on spine, text-block edges sprinkled blue-green. Fine allegorical engraving of Minerva on title page. Engraved plate showing family tree of Roman rulers from Julius Caesar to Nero (facing p. 28). Engraved vignettes of medals on pp. 381 and 384 (see below).Woodcut headpieces, tailpieces, and initials. In very good condition. (20 ll.), 440 pp., 1 engraved plate. *** Ninth edition, finely printed by Sancha, of an enormously popular textbook on secular and ecclesiastical history. It went through many editions after its first appearance in 1743; the latest we have seen is 1854. This is Florez's first historical work. It preceded by several years Art de verifier les dates, a very similar work in French. After a historical overview of eras, the work consists of century-by-century lists of important events and figures (saints, popes, rulers, writers, heretics, etc.). The introductory leaves include an essay on Lucifer, Bishop of Cagliari (Sardinia, d. 370 or 371), who was known for his vehement opposition to Arianism and remains a controversial figure within the Catholic Church. The focus of the Clave is on Europe, although there are scattered references to America, Brazil, Cuba, and the Indies, e.g., pp. 310-16.The engraved vignette on the title page shows Minerva with helmet and aegis, holding a spear. She rests her arm on a shield emblazoned with a giant key (presumably a reference to the work's title, "Historical Key"). Around her are a globe, books, cannon, flags, and a crown. Facing p. 28 is an engraving showing the descent of the Julio-Claudians ("Genealogia de los Cesares"), with the names set in wreaths (for emperors), flowers, or leaves. On p. 381, an engraving (5 x 9 cm.) shows a medal struck in 1710 to commemorate Philip V of Spain's victory at Villaviciosa. Another engraving of the same size on p. 384 shows a medal struck in 1739 to commemorate the British victory at Porto Bello, Panama, over the Spanish during the War of the Austrian Succession (or the War of Jenkins' Ear).Henrique Florez de Setién y Huidobro (Valladolid, 1701-Madrid, 1773) became an Augustinian at age 15, and taught theology at the University of Alcalá. Following the Clave historical, Florez began publication of España Sagrada, teatro geografico-historico de la Iglesia de España, a compilation of Spanish ecclesiastical history that was particularly valuable because it included transcriptions of many chronicles not easily available elsewhere. Florez published 29 volumes during his lifetime; it was later completed in 51 volumes, at the expense of the Spanish government.*** Palau 92701 lists the 8th through 10th editions without collations. Rodriguez-Moniño 120. This edition not in Whitehead, BL Eighteenth-Century Spanish STC. Not in Whitehead, "Antonio de Sancha". This edition not in Copac, which lists 1-2 copies each of the editions of 1749, 1760, 1765, 1780, 1786, 1790, 1854. Bookseller Inventory # 25809

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Bibliographic Details

Title: Clave Historial, con que se abre la puerta a...

Publisher: Madrid, En la Imprenta de D. Antonio de Sancha, 1776.

Publication Date: 1776

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